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30620

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium hydroxide

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., K ≤0.02%, ≥98%, pellets

Synonym(s):
‘Caustic soda’
Linear Formula:
NaOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
40.00
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Quality Level

Agency

reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C)
3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

assay

≥98%

form

pellets

technique(s)

titration: suitable

impurities

≤0.0003% total nitrogen (N)
≤0.0005% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤1% Na2CO3

mp

318 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 1260 g/L at 20 °C

density

2.13 g/cm3 at 20 °C

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤10 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 mg/kg
silicate (as SiO2): ≤10 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤30 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg
As: ≤1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
Hg: ≤0.05 mg/kg
K: ≤200 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤2 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

storage temp.

15-25°C

SMILES string

[OH-].[Na+]

InChI

1S/Na.H2O/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Sodium hydroxide is an inorganic base. It participates in the oxidation of glycerol, catalyzed by Au/charcoal or Au/graphite.[75] It also participates in solvent-free aldol condensation reaction.[19]

Application

Sodium hydroxide may be employed for determination of specific surface area of colloidal silica, via titration.[76] It may be employed for direct oxidation of sodium borohydride, which was investigated by cyclic and linear voltammetry, chronoamperometry and chronopotentiometry.[77] It may be used to compose citrate buffer and borate buffers.[78]
It may be used in the synthesis of following compounds:
[25]
  • alkylaryl amidosulfobetaines
  • (3 -[4-teroctylphenoxyethoxyethoxyethyl] dimethylammonio propane sulfonate (XOSB)
  • trisulfobetaines (TriSBn)

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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