221465

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium hydroxide

ACS reagent, ≥97.0%, pellets

Synonym(s):
‘Caustic soda’
Linear Formula:
NaOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
40.00
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C)
3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

assay

≥97.0%

form

pellets

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable
titration: suitable

impurities

≤0.001% N compounds
≤0.02% NH4OH ppt.
≤1.0% Na2CO3

mp

318 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 1,260 g/L at 20 °C

density

2.13 g/cm3 at 20 °C

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.005%
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.001%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.003%

cation traces

Fe: ≤0.001%
Hg: ≤0.1 ppm
K: ≤0.02%
Ni: ≤0.001%
heavy metals (as Ag): ≤0.002%

SMILES string

[OH-].[Na+]

InChI

1S/Na.H2O/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) also known as caustic soda is a water soluble inorganic base with a wide range of industrial application such as titration, dissolution testing and in impinger to remove acidic gases. It participates in the oxidation of glycerol catalyzed by Au/charcoal or Au/graphite. It participates in solvent-free aldol condensation reaction.

Application

Sodium hydroxide may be used as a base in titration methods, dissolution testing, for adjusting pH and in the impinger to remove acidic gases.
It may be used in the following processes:
  • Conversion of glycerol to glyceric acid in the presence of gold catalyst.
  • Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction between vinylalkoxysilanes and aryl bromides or chlorides to form styrenes.
Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) was used in the following processes:
  • Preparation of sodium 3,3′-bis(sulfonato)-4,4′-bis(chloroacetamido)azobenzene (BSBCA) that is utilized in protein cross-linking techniques.
  • Preparation of electrolyte solution to study the effect of electrolyte composition on the conversion of CO2 to CO by electrochemical reduction.
  • Preparation of CSK (cytoskeleton) buffer for the three-dimensional (3D) slide method of preserving the 3D chromatin structure of testicular germ cells.
  • Synthesis of ZSMs (zeolite socony mobils).
Sodium hydroxide may be employed for the deterimination of specific surface area of colloidal silica, via titration. It may be employed for the direct oxidation of sodium borohydride, which was investigated by cyclic and linear voltammetry, chronoamperometry and chronopotentiometry. It may be used to prepare citrate buffer and borate buffer. It may be used in the synthesis of :
  • alkylaryl amidosulfobetaines
  • (3 -[4-teroctylphenoxyethoxyethoxyethyl] dimethylammonio propane sulfonate (XOSB)
  • trisulfobetaines (TriSBn)

Packaging

25, 500, 6×500 g in poly bottle
1, 2.5 kg in poly bottle
12, 25, 50 kg in poly drum

Legal Information

Redi-Dri is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

RIDADR

UN 1823 8 / PGII

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Synthesis of zeolite socony mobil from blue silica gel and rice husk ash as catalysts for hydrothermal liquefaction.
Danardono AES and Mansur FA.
Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 10(8), 982-993 (2015)
Light-mediated Reversible Modulation of the Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Pathway during Cell Differentiation and Xenopus Embryonic Development.
Krishnamurthy VV, et al.
Journal of Visualized Experiments, 124, e55823-e55823 (2017)
The First Fluoride-Free Hiyama Reaction of Vinylsiloxanes Promoted by Sodium Hydroxide in Water.
Alacid E &amp; Najera C
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis, 348(15), 2085-2091 (2006)
Selective oxidation of glycerol to glyceric acid using a gold catalyst in aqueous sodium hydroxide.
Carrettin S, et al.
Chemical Communications (Cambridge, England), 7, 696-697 (2002)
Effect of Cations on the Electrochemical Conversion of CO2 to CO.
Thorson MR, et al.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 160(1), F69-F74 (2013)

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