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low molecular weight

Deacetylated chitin, Poly(D-glucosamine)
CAS Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

mol wt

50,000-190,000 Da (based on viscosity)


20-300 cP, 1 wt. % in 1% acetic acid(25 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)


dilute aqueous acid: soluble



InChI key


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Chitosan may be used as a flocculant, in protein precipitation, encapsulating agent and aqueous thickener.
Forms gels with multivalent anions. Gives clear solutions that dry to strong, clear films.


50, 250 g in poly bottle

Features and Benefits

Biocompatible, antibacterial and environmentally friendly polyelectrolyte with a variety of applications including water treatment, chromatography, additives for cosmetics, textile treatment for antimicrobial activity, novel fibers for textiles, photographic papers, biodegradable films, biomedical devices, and microcapsule implants for controlled release in drug delivery.

Physical form

75-85% deacetylated

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

  1. How does the storage temperature relate to shipping conditions?

    The storage conditions that a Sigma-Aldrich catalog and label recommend for products are deliberately conservative. For many products, long-term storage at low temperatures will increase the time during which they are expected to remain in specification and therefore are labeled accordingly. Where short-term storage, shipping time frame, or exposure to conditions other than those recommended for long-term storage will not affect product quality, Sigma-Aldrich will ship at ambient temperature. The products sensitive to short-term exposure to conditions other than their recommended long-term storage are shipped on wet or dry ice. Ambient temperature shipping helps to control shipping costs for our customers. At any time, our customers can request wet- or dry-ice shipment, but the special handling is at customer expense if our product history indicates that the product is stable for regular shipment. See Shipping and Storage for more information.

  2. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  3. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  4. What is the molecular weight of Product 448869, Chitosan?

    The molecular weight is approximately 50,000 - 190,000 daltons based on viscosity.

  5. What is the solubility of Product 448869, Chitosan? 

    Chitosan is insoluble in water or organic solvents.  Hazy suspensions can be prepared in 1M acetic acid at a concentration of 10 mg/mL, but extensive sonication may be required to fully suspend the material. Our supplier tests this product at 10 mg/mL in 1% acetic acid for their viscosity test.

  6. What form is Product 448869, Chitosan?

    This is the alpha form.

  7. What is the specific gravity of Product 448869, Chitosan?

    The density was measured by our supplier to be 0.15 - 0.3 g/cm3.

  8. What is the polydispersity of Product 448869, Chitosan?

    We do not measure the polydispersity of this product. The molecular weight is determined only by viscosity.

  9. What are some uses for chitosan?

    Chitosan is a biocompatible, antibacterial and environmentally friendly polyelectrolyte with a variety of applications including water treatment, chromatography, additives for cosmetics, textile treatment for antimicrobial activity, novel fibers for textiles, photographic papers, biodegradable films, biomedical devices, and microcapsule implants for controlled release in drug delivery. Please note that Product No. 419419 is for research purposes only, not for cosmetic or drug use.

  10. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  11. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  12. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Ajay Vijayakumar et al.
AAPS PharmSciTech, 18(3), 875-883 (2016-07-03)
The objective of this study was to formulate and characterize properties of solid lipid nanoparticle (SLN) dispersion containing quercetin. SLN was prepared by ultrasonication method using tripalmitin and lecithin as lipid core and then the surface was coated with chitosan.
Ya-Chuan Hsiao et al.
Biomaterials, 113, 42-55 (2016-11-05)
The lacrimal gland is an important organ responsible for regulating tear synthesis and secretion. The major work of lacrimal gland (LG) is to lubricate the ocular surface and maintain the health of eyes. Functional deterioration of the lacrimal gland happens
Mar Collado-González et al.
Marine drugs, 18(1) (2020-01-19)
Polyelectrolyte nanocomposites rarely reach a stable state and aggregation often occurs. Here, we report the synthesis of nanocomposites for the oral delivery of insulin composed of alginate, dextran sulfate, poly-(ethylene glycol) 4000, poloxamer 188, chitosan, and bovine serum albumin. The
Jimena S Gonzalez et al.
Polymers, 11(4) (2019-04-20)
Self-assembly of natural polymers constitute a powerful route for the development of functional materials. In particular, layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly constitutes a versatile technique for the nanostructuration of biobased polymers into multilayer films. Gelatin has gained much attention for its abundance
Lana Glerieide Silva Garcia et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 195, 662-669 (2018-05-29)
Difficulties in the treatment of Candida spp. invasive infections are usually related to the formation of biofilms. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of molecular weight (MW) of chitosan (using high (HMW), medium (MMW) and low


Chitosan: A Versatile Platform for Pharmaceutical Applications

The development of new medical devices and pharmaceuticals plays an integral role in the medical industry. Both natural and synthetic polymers possess benefits that make them valuable components in therapeutics.

Preparation of Chitosan Microparticles by Spray Drying

Microparticles with controlled size and morphology are of significant interest in the fields of drug delivery and biopharmaceuticals. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of processing parameters on the ability to control the size and distribution of chitosan based microparticles, targeting diameter range of 1-10 µm. The effect of encapsulating bovine serum albumin (BSA), a model protein, as well as sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP), a cross-linker, was studied.

Chitosan-based Biomaterials

Chitin, a natural polysaccharide, is the second most abundant natural biopolymer in the world, after cellulose.

Chitosan Biopolymer from Fungal Fermentation for Delivery of Chemotherapeutic Agents

Chitosan is a naturally occurring polysaccharide ideally suited for use in medical supplies, devices, therapeutics, and diagnostics. The unique natural characteristics of chitosan include its cationic, biocompatible, biodegradable, non-toxic, non-immunogenic, and antimicrobial properties.

See All

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

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