50,000-190,000 Da (based on viscosity)
20-300 cP, 1 wt. % in 1% acetic acid(25 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)
dilute aqueous acid: soluble
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The storage conditions that a Sigma-Aldrich catalog and label recommend for products are deliberately conservative. For many products, long-term storage at low temperatures will increase the time during which they are expected to remain in specification and therefore are labeled accordingly. Where short-term storage, shipping time frame, or exposure to conditions other than those recommended for long-term storage will not affect product quality, Sigma-Aldrich will ship at ambient temperature. The products sensitive to short-term exposure to conditions other than their recommended long-term storage are shipped on wet or dry ice. Ambient temperature shipping helps to control shipping costs for our customers. At any time, our customers can request wet- or dry-ice shipment, but the special handling is at customer expense if our product history indicates that the product is stable for regular shipment. See Shipping and Storage for more information.
If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.
The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.
The molecular weight is approximately 50,000 - 190,000 daltons based on viscosity.
Chitosan is insoluble in water or organic solvents. Hazy suspensions can be prepared in 1M acetic acid at a concentration of 10 mg/mL, but extensive sonication may be required to fully suspend the material. Our supplier tests this product at 10 mg/mL in 1% acetic acid for their viscosity test.
This is the alpha form.
The density was measured by our supplier to be 0.15 - 0.3 g/cm3.
We do not measure the polydispersity of this product. The molecular weight is determined only by viscosity.
Chitosan is a biocompatible, antibacterial and environmentally friendly polyelectrolyte with a variety of applications including water treatment, chromatography, additives for cosmetics, textile treatment for antimicrobial activity, novel fibers for textiles, photographic papers, biodegradable films, biomedical devices, and microcapsule implants for controlled release in drug delivery. Please note that Product No. 419419 is for research purposes only, not for cosmetic or drug use.
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Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product.
Ask a Scientist here.
The development of new medical devices and pharmaceuticals plays an integral role in the medical industry. Both natural and synthetic polymers possess benefits that make them valuable components in therapeutics.
Microparticles with controlled size and morphology are of significant interest in the fields of drug delivery and biopharmaceuticals. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of processing parameters on the ability to control the size and distribution of chitosan based microparticles, targeting diameter range of 1-10 µm. The effect of encapsulating bovine serum albumin (BSA), a model protein, as well as sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP), a cross-linker, was studied.
Chitin, a natural polysaccharide, is the second most abundant natural biopolymer in the world, after cellulose.
Chitosan is a naturally occurring polysaccharide ideally suited for use in medical supplies, devices, therapeutics, and diagnostics. The unique natural characteristics of chitosan include its cationic, biocompatible, biodegradable, non-toxic, non-immunogenic, and antimicrobial properties.