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179965

Sigma-Aldrich

Toluene

Laboratory Reagent, ≥99.3%

Linear Formula:
C6H5CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.14
Beilstein:
635760
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39011102
PubChem Substance ID:

grade

Laboratory Reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

3.2 (vs air)

vapor pressure

22 mmHg ( 20 °C)
26 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

≥99.3%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

997 °F

expl. lim.

7 %

impurities

≤0.05% water

evapn. residue

≤0.005%

refractive index

n/D 1.496 (lit.)

bp

110-111 °C (lit.)

mp

-93 °C (lit.)

density

0.865 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

microbiology

SMILES string

Cc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C7H8/c1-7-5-3-2-4-6-7/h2-6H,1H3

InChI key

YXFVVABEGXRONW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Toluene, a flammable liquid with a pungent odor, is widely employed as organic solvent. It is widely used as a precursor for synthesizing benzene and as a solvent in the paint industry. It has been reported to be a biotoxic solvent (toxic to many microorganisms at 0.1%v/v concentrations). Its anaerobic biodegradation to CO2, by the denitrifying bacterium Thauera arornatica has been reported. It forms syndiotactic polystyrene-toluene molecular compound. Crystal structure of this molecular compound has been investigated by X-ray diffraction studies.

Application

Toluene may be used as a solvent in the following studies:
  • Preparation of 4-arm polylactide-based (PLA) star oligomer.
  • Transformation of C6 sugar monomers/oligomers (glucose, maltose, and β-cyclodextrins) to levulinic acid in the presence of an acid catalyst.
Toluene undergoes alkylation in the presence of modified ZSM (Zeolite Socony Mobil)-5-class zeolite catalysts to form p-xylene with high selectivity. When doped on graphene, it acts as an electron donor leading to alteration in graphene electrical properties.

Packaging

1, 4 L in glass bottle
18, 20 L in steel drum

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 3 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

39.2 °F

Flash Point(C)

4.0 °C

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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