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139386

Sigma-Aldrich

Hexane

ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Synonym(s):
n-Hexane
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)4CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
86.18
Beilstein:
1730733
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.06

vapor density

~3 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

256 mmHg ( 37.7 °C)
5.2 psi ( 37.7 °C)
~132 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

Assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

453 °F

expl. lim.

7.7 %

technique(s)

GC/MS: suitable

refractive index

n20/D 1.375 (lit.)

pH

7

bp

69 °C (lit.)

mp

−95 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: insoluble

density

0.659 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CCCCCC

InChI

1S/C6H14/c1-3-5-6-4-2/h3-6H2,1-2H3

InChI key

VLKZOEOYAKHREP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Hexane

vapor density

~3 (vs air)

vapor density

~3 (vs air)

vapor density

~3 (vs air)

vapor density

~3 (vs air)

vapor pressure

256 mmHg ( 37.7 °C), 5.2 psi ( 37.7 °C), ~132 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

256 mmHg ( 37.7 °C), 5.2 psi ( 37.7 °C), ~132 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

256 mmHg ( 37.7 °C), 5.2 psi ( 37.7 °C), ~132 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

256 mmHg ( 37.7 °C), 5.2 psi ( 37.7 °C), ~132 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99%

assay

-

assay

95%

assay

≥95%

form

liquid

form

-

form

liquid

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

453 °F

autoignition temp.

453 °F

autoignition temp.

453 °F

autoignition temp.

453 °F

expl. lim.

7.7 %

expl. lim.

7.7 %

expl. lim.

7.7 %

expl. lim.

7.7 %

General description

Hexane is an alkane and exists in 5 structural isomeric forms, i.e. hexane, isohexane, 3-methylpentane, neohexane and 2,3-dimethylbutane. It can be obtained from petroleum by distillation. It can also be produced by electrolyzing the potassium butyrate solution. It is widely employed organic solvent for the dissolution and isolation of fats and oils.

Application

Hexane may be used in the following studies:
  • Preparation of graft-copolymer chains of poly-(dimethylsiloxane)-g-poly(methyl methacrylate).
  • GC/MS (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry) characterization of essential oils isolated from various origins.
  • As solvent for the preparation of samples and standards during chromatographic studies.

Hexane may be used as a solvent in the detection of rubrene, using normal phase high performance liquid chromatography. It may also be used as an extraction solvent to concentrate the analytes like synthetic cannabinoids of the aminoalkylindole type and methanandamide in serum, followed by separation using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem-mass spectrometry.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 2 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 2 Inhalation - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Nervous system, Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

-7.6 °F

Flash Point(C)

-22 °C


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