All Photos(2)

12322

Sigma-Aldrich

Iron(III) chloride solution

greener alternative

purum, 45% FeCl3 basis

Synonym(s):
Ferric chloride solution
Linear Formula:
FeCl3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
162.20
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.55

Quality Level

grade

purum

assay

45% FeCl3 basis

form

liquid

reaction suitability

reagent type: catalyst
core: iron

greener alternative product characteristics

Catalysis
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

greener alternative category

Aligned

SMILES string

Cl[Fe](Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/3ClH.Fe/h3*1H;/q;;;+3/p-3

InChI key

RBTARNINKXHZNM-UHFFFAOYSA-K

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General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry. The iron catalysts are known to be inexpensive and environmentally benign. Click here for more information.
Iron(III) chloride is a mild oxidizing agent. It is widely employed as a Lewis acid in organic synthesis. On crystallization with water, it forms hydrates. It can be prepared by passing chlorine over scrap iron at approximately 650°C.

Application

Iron(III) chloride may be used for the polymerization of pyrrole and for the preparation of the phenanthrene ring. It is widely employed for the following reactions:
  • polymerizations
  • oxidations
  • oxidative couplings
  • reductions
  • C−C bond formation
  • Ferrier rearrangement
  • one-pot multicomponent condensations
  • Friedel-Crafts reactions
  • cyclization′s
  • glycosidation
  • Prins-type cyclisation

Packaging

2.5 L in glass bottle

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

More documents

Quotes and Ordering

Recent uses of iron (III) chloride in organic synthesis.
Diaz DD, et al.
Current Organic Chemistry, 10(4), 457-476 (2006)
Kailiang Wang et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 74(2), 935-938 (2008-12-05)
Easily available and nontoxic FeCl(3) catalyzes intramolecular oxidative coupling for the direct construction of the phenanthrene ring using meta-chloroperbenzoic acid as sole oxidant at room temperature in excellent yields. The mechanistic investigations show that FeCl(3)-catalyzed coupling proceeds through the heterolytic
Optimum reaction conditions for the polymerization of pyrrole by iron (III) chloride in aqueous solution.
Armes SP.
Synthetic Metals, 20(3), 365-371 (1987)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 553-553 (1994)
Dattatraya H Dethe et al.
Organic letters, 15(3), 429-431 (2013-01-16)
A novel approach was developed for the synthesis of highly substituted indene derivatives, using an FeCl(3) catalyzed Prins-type cyclization reaction which was further applied in the total synthesis of jungianol and epi-jungianol.

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