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T19526

Sigma-Aldrich

Tetramethylammonium chloride

reagent grade, ≥98%

Synonym(s):
TMA
Linear Formula:
(CH3)4N(Cl)
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
109.60
Beilstein:
3911201
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

reagent grade

assay

≥98%

mp

>300 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

[Cl-].C[N+](C)(C)C

InChI

1S/C4H12N.ClH/c1-5(2,3)4;/h1-4H3;1H/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

OKIZCWYLBDKLSU-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Tetramethylammonium chloride is a quaternary ammonium salt commonly used as a catalyst due to its thermal stability and also tolerance towards strong aqueous bases or nucleophiles.

Application

Tetramethylammonium chloride along with N-hydroxyphthalimide and xanthone may be used as an efficient chloride catalytic system for the aerobic oxidation of hydrocarbons to form the corresponding oxygenated compounds. It may also be used as a phase transfer catalyst for the synthesis of aryl fluorides via selective chloride/fluoride exchange reaction of activated aryl chlorides with potassium fluoride in solid-liquid phase.

Packaging

5 g in glass bottle
100, 500 g in poly bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 1 Oral

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Tetramethylammonium chloride as a selective and robust phase transfer catalyst in a solid?liquid halex reaction: the role of water.
Sasson Y, et al.
Chemical Communications (Cambridge, England), 3, 297-298 (1996)
A free radical process for oxidation of hydrocarbons promoted by nonmetal xanthone and tetramethylammonium chloride under mild conditions.
Du Z, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 50(15), 1677-1680 (2009)
Min Bum Park et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 135(6), 2248-2255 (2012-11-29)
A solid understanding of the molecular-level mechanisms responsible for zeolite crystallization remains one of the most challenging issues in modern zeolite science. Here we investigated the formation pathway for high-silica LTA zeolite crystals in the simultaneous presence of tetraethylammonium (TEA(+))...
Seonki Hong et al.
Science advances, 4(9), eaat7457-eaat7457 (2018-09-12)
Biological functions depend on biomolecular assembly processes. Assemblies of lipid bilayers, actins, microtubules, or chromosomes are indispensable for cellular functions. These hierarchical assembly processes are reasonably predictable by understanding chemical structures of the defined building blocks and their interactions. However...
Marco I Ries et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(52), 37289-37295 (2013-11-15)
Metabolic profiling and structural elucidation of novel secondary metabolites obtained from derived deletion strains of the filamentous fungus Penicillium chrysogenum were used to reassign various previously ascribed synthetase genes of the roquefortine/meleagrin pathway to their corresponding products. Next to the...

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