MilliporeSigma
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91204

Supelco

Acetic anhydride

for GC derivatization, LiChropur, ≥99.0%

Linear Formula:
(CH3CO)2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
102.09
Beilstein:
385737
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

grade

for GC derivatization

Quality Level

vapor density

3.5 (vs air)

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 36 °C)
4 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.0% (GC)
≥99.0%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

629 °F

quality

LiChropur

expl. lim.

10.3 %

reaction suitability

reagent type: derivatization reagent
reaction type: Acylations

technique(s)

gas chromatography (GC): suitable

evapn. residue

≤0.003%

refractive index

n20/D 1.390 (lit.)

bp

138-140 °C (lit.)

mp

−73 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: slightly soluble

density

1.08 g/mL (lit.)

SMILES string

CC(=O)OC(C)=O

InChI

1S/C4H6O3/c1-3(5)7-4(2)6/h1-2H3

InChI key

WFDIJRYMOXRFFG-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Acetic anhydride is an esterification agent which is corrosive to metals. It is a colourless liquid with strong vinegar-like odour. It is mostly used in making plastics, fibers, pharmaceuticals, dyes and explosives.
Acylation, an alternative to silylation, enables the conversion of compounds that comprise of active hydrogens (-OH, -SH and -NH) into esters, thioesters, and amides by the action of a carboxylic acid or derivative. The carbonyl group adjacent to the halogenated carbons favors the improvement of electron capture detector (ECD) response. Acylation has several benefits:
  • It increases the stability of compounds by protecting unstable groups.
  • It may render volatility on substances like carbohydrates or amino acids, that have several polar groups that they are non-volatile and generally decompose on heating.
  • It allows the separations not possible with underivatized compounds.
  • Compounds are detectable at very low levels with an ECD.

Acetic anhydride is a reagent utilized to form fragmentation-directing derivatives for GC/MS analysis.

Application

Learn more in the Product Information
Suitable for the derivatization of acetyl, acetaminophen, alcohols, aldoses and partially methylated aldoses, aldosterone, amines, amino acids, amino sugars (in polysaccharides), amino sugar methyl glycosides, 2-amino-2-deoxyhexoses, arginyl peptides, aryl sulfate esters, bile acids, carbamates, carbohydrates, cerebrosides, cystine and cysteine (in peptides), desmethyldoxepin, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol, estrogens, glycitols, hexopyranosides, hexosamines, hydroxamic acids, hydroxyamines, n-hydroxycarbamates, hydroxy steroids, inositols, 4-methoxy and 3,4-dimethoxyphenethylamine, methyl ester, methyl(methyl O-methyl-a-D-glucopyranosid)uronates, nucleosides, nucleoside bases and sugars, partially methylated pentose and hexoes, peptides, phenolalkylamines, phenylethylamines, polysaccharide constituents, postaglandins A,B and E, serotonin, sialic acids, sugars, natural sugars and tryptamine.

Packaging

10×1 mL in glass insert

Other Notes

Reagent for acetic anhydride, acetyl, n-acetyl, n-acetyl-n, o-acetyl, acetate, aldononitrile acetate, aminoglycitol acetate, aryl acetate, permethyl acetyl, methyl ester, trifluoroacetyl, bis-trimethylsilyl, trimethylsilyl polyamino alcohol, and O-trimethylsilyl (TMS).

Legal Information

LiChropur is a trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

120.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

49 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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