56396

Supelco

Caffeine

certified reference material, TraceCERT®

Synonym(s):
1,3,7-Trimethylxanthine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C8H10N4O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
194.19
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
17705
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

grade

certified reference material
TraceCERT®

Quality Level

form

neat

application(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

mp

234-236.5 °C (lit.)

Featured Industry

Cleaning Products
Cosmetics
Flavors and Fragrances
Food and Beverages
Personal Care

format

neat

SMILES string

CN1C(=O)N(C)c2ncn(C)c2C1=O

InChI

1S/C8H10N4O2/c1-10-4-9-6-5(10)7(13)12(3)8(14)11(6)2/h4H,1-3H3

InChI key

RYYVLZVUVIJVGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Caffeine is a behaviorally active substance mainly found in beverages like coffee and tea. It can have diverse effects on brain functions.
This certified reference material (CRM) is produced and certified in accordance with ISO/IEC 17025 and ISO 17034. This CRM is traceable to primary material from an NMI, e.g. NIST or NMIJ.
Certified content by quantitative NMR incl. uncertainty and expiry date are given on the certificate.
Download your certificate at: http://www.sigma-aldrich.com.

Application

Refer to the product′s Certificate of Analysis for more information on a suitable instrument technique. Contact Technical Service for further support.

Biochem/physiol Actions

A central nervous system stimulant believed to act through adenosine receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters. It is an adenosine receptor antagonist and adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Thus, levels of cAMP increase in cells following treatment with caffeine. It has been reported to affect cellular calcium levels, releasing calcium from intracellular stores. It overrides the cell cycle effects of various chemicals such as protease inhibitors, preventing apoptosis; and it has been shown to inhibit cellular DNA repair mechanisms.

Packaging

Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.

Legal Information

TraceCERT is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Actions of caffeine in the brain with special reference to factors that contribute to its widespread use
Fredholm.BB, et al.
Pharmacological Reviews, 51, 83-133 (1999)
Rohit A Sinha et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 59(4), 1366-1380 (2013-08-10)
Caffeine is one of the world's most consumed drugs. Recently, several studies showed that its consumption is associated with lower risk for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), an obesity-related condition that recently has become the major cause of liver disease...
Markus Fehrholz et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 306(1), L101-L109 (2013-10-29)
Factors positively influencing surfactant homeostasis in general and surfactant protein B (SP-B) expression in particular are considered of clinical importance regarding an improvement of lung function in preterm infants. The objective of this study was to identify effects of physiological...
France Denoeud et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6201), 1181-1184 (2014-09-06)
Coffee is a valuable beverage crop due to its characteristic flavor, aroma, and the stimulating effects of caffeine. We generated a high-quality draft genome of the species Coffea canephora, which displays a conserved chromosomal gene order among asterid angiosperms. Although...
Brian A Mc Ardle et al.
Circulation. Cardiovascular imaging, 7(6), 930-937 (2014-09-04)
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy is a key prognostic determinant after heart transplant. Detection and risk stratification of patients with cardiac allograft vasculopathy are problematic. Positron emission tomography using rubidium-82 allows quantification of absolute myocardial blood flow and may have utility for...
Protocols
The modern thin-layer chromatography (TLC) offers advantages also in the field of cosmetics to quickly and simultaneously analyze samples with densitometric detection.
Read More
RP-Amide and HILIC, both amenable to the analysis of polar compounds, were successfully used to resolve several beverage components, including sugars, vitamins, sweeteners, preservatives, and caffeine.
Read More

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