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437557

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetonitrile

≥99.5%, ACS reagent

Synonym(s):
ACN, Cyanomethane, Ethyl nitrile, Methyl cyanide
Linear Formula:
CH3CN
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
41.05
Beilstein:
741857
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

1.41 (vs air)

vapor pressure

72.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

973 °F

expl. lim.

16 %

technique(s)

solid phase extraction (SPE): suitable

impurities

≤0.3% water
≤0.6 μeq/g Titr. base
≤8 μeq/g Titr. acid

evapn. residue

≤0.005%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.344 (lit.)

bp

81-82 °C (lit.)

mp

−45 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble

density

0.786 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC#N

InChI

1S/C2H3N/c1-2-3/h1H3

InChI key

WEVYAHXRMPXWCK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Acetonitrile (MeCN), an aliphatic nitrile, is a colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. MeCN has low viscosity, high elution strength and is highly miscible in water. It is widely used as a solvent and intermediate in organic syntheses and is transparent to UV-visible light, making it highly applicable in spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques. It also plays a major role as an extractant medium in liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction or microextraction.

Application

Acetonitrile may be used as solvent in the following processes:
  • Organic synthesis
  • Liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction or microextraction.
  • Spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques.
  • Electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries
  • Determination of pKa values of organic superbases using the isodensity polarization continuum model (IPCM).

Packaging

4×4 L in PVC-coated bottle

Features and Benefits

ACS solvents meet or exceed the high standards of the American Chemical Society (ACS) ,with test specifications that are specialized to every compound. According to the American Chemical Society, ACS reagent grade implies that it is a substance of sufficient purity to be used in most chemical analyses or reactions.

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

35.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

2.0 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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