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398179

Sigma-Aldrich

Diethanolamine

ACS reagent, ≥98.5%

Synonym(s):
2,2′-Iminodiethanol, Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amine
Linear Formula:
HN(CH2CH2OH)2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
105.14
Beilstein:
605315
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

3.6 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<0.98 atm ( 100 °C)

assay

≥98.5%

form

solid or liquid

autoignition temp.

689 °F

eq. wt.

104.0-106.0 Apparent

expl. lim.

10.6 %

impurities

≤0.15% water
≤1.0% C2H7NO
≤1.0% C6H15NO3

ign. residue

≤0.005%

color

APHA: ≤15

refractive index

n20/D 1.477 (lit.)

bp

217 °C/150 mmHg (lit.)

mp

28 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 105 g/L at 20 °C

density

1.097 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

OCCNCCO

InChI

1S/C4H11NO2/c6-3-1-5-2-4-7/h5-7H,1-4H2

InChI key

ZBCBWPMODOFKDW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Diethanolamine (DEA) is an amino alcohol commonly used in the preparation of soaps and surfactants, in agricultural chemicals and in textile processing. It is used as an absorbent for capturing CO2. Its toxic and carcinogenic effect has been studied.

Application

Diethanolamine may be used in the following processes:
  • Preparation of disodiumiminodiacetic acid by dehydrogenation.
  • As a solvent and reactant in triazine based dendrimer synthesis.
  • Preparation of diethanolamine ionic liquids employed in green Heck reaction.

Packaging

500 g in poly bottle
1 kg in poly bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 2 Oral

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

280.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

138 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

A continuous diethanolamine dehydrogenation fixed bed catalyst and reactor system.
Hickman DA, et al.
Chemical Engineering Journal, 278, 447-453 (2015)
Development, Characterization of Hydroxyl Terminated Dendritic Macromolecules as Prospective Drug Carriers.
Gajjar D, et al.
American Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering, 3(1), 73-89 (2015)
Monitoring of Chemical Speciation of DEA-CO2-Water System by Raman Spectroscopy.
Shahid MZ, et al.
Advanced Materials Research, 1113, 358-363 (2015)
Diethanolamine and N,N-diethylethanolamine ionic liquids as precatalyst-precursors and reaction media in green Heck reaction protocol.
Petrovic ZD, et al.
J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 327(1), 45-50 (2010)
National Toxicology Program technical report series, 478, 1-212 (2003-02-07)
Diethanolamine is widely used in the preparation of diethanolamides and diethanolamine salts of long-chain fatty acids that are formulated into soaps and surfactants used in liquid laundry and dishwashing detergents, cosmetics, shampoos, and hair conditioners. Diethanolamine is also used in

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