36541

Supelco

Paraquat dichloride hydrate

PESTANAL®, analytical standard

Synonym(s):
Paraquat dichloride, Gramoxone, 1,1′-Dimethyl-4,4′-bipyridinium dichloride hydrate, Methyl viologen dichloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C12H14Cl2N2 · xH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
257.16 (anhydrous basis)
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3752782
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

Quality Level

grade

analytical standard

product line

PESTANAL®

form

neat

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

application(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

Featured Industry

Agriculture
Environmental

format

neat

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

C[N+]1=CC=C(C2=CC=[N+](C)C=C2)C=C1.[Cl-].[Cl-].O

InChI

1S/C12H14N2.2ClH.H2O/c1-13-7-3-11(4-8-13)12-5-9-14(2)10-6-12;;;/h3-10H,1-2H3;2*1H;1H2/q+2;;;/p-2

InChI key

RLGVBTFWTZJYIL-UHFFFAOYSA-L

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General description

Paraquat dichloride hydrate is a dipyridilium compound, which can find wide applications as a contact herbicide in weed control management. Its mode of action involves the destruction of plant tissue, via disruption of photosynthesis process and rupturing cell membranes leading to desiccation of foliage.

Application

Refer to the product′s Certificate of Analysis for more information on a suitable instrument technique. Contact Technical Service for further support.

Legal Information

PESTANAL is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich International GmbH

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN2811 - class 6.1 - PG 1 - EHS - Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., HI: all

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Field Dissiation Kinetics of Paraquat in Acid Soil as Function of Concentration and its Residues in Tea Leaves
Janaki.P and Chinnusamy.C
Asian Journal of Chemistry, 28, 1639-1639 (2016)
Joe Turner et al.
Behavioural processes, 157, 532-539 (2018-06-14)
Individuals are known to differ consistently in various aspects of their behaviour in many animal species, a phenomenon that has come to be referred to as animal personalities. These individual differences are likely to have evolutionary and ecological significance, and...
Erika C Anderson et al.
Developmental cell, 51(2), 192-207 (2019-09-10)
Mechanisms establishing higher-order chromosome structures and their roles in gene regulation are elusive. We analyzed chromosome architecture during nematode X chromosome dosage compensation, which represses transcription via a dosage-compensation condensin complex (DCC) that binds hermaphrodite Xs and establishes megabase-sized topologically...
Inhibition of c-Src protects paraquat induced microvascular endothelial injury by modulating caveolin-1 phosphorylation and caveolae mediated transcellular permeability
Yu H and Qing H
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 52, 62-68 (2017)
Julia M D Grandjean et al.
ACS chemical biology, 14(4), 784-795 (2019-03-02)
Cellular proteostasis is maintained by stress-responsive signaling pathways such as the heat shock response (HSR), the oxidative stress response (OSR), and the unfolded protein response (UPR). Activation of these pathways results in the transcriptional upregulation of select subsets of stress-responsive...

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