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306975

Sigma-Aldrich

tert-Butyl methyl ether

anhydrous, 99.8%

Synonym(s):
MTBE, Methyl tert-butyl ether
Linear Formula:
(CH3)3COCH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
88.15
Beilstein:
1730942
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

anhydrous

Quality Level

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

4.05 psi

assay

99.8%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

705 °F

expl. lim.

15.1 %

impurities

<0.003% water
<0.005% water (100 mL pkg)

evapn. residue

<0.0005%

refractive index

n20/D 1.369 (lit.)

bp

55-56 °C (lit.)

mp

-110 °C

density

0.74 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

COC(C)(C)C

InChI

1S/C5H12O/c1-5(2,3)6-4/h1-4H3

InChI key

BZLVMXJERCGZMT-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

tert-Butyl methyl ether (MTBE) is a gasoline additive. MTBE undergoes oxidative degradation in the presence of propane-oxidizing bacterial strains. The kinetic studies of heat-assisted persulfate oxidation of MTBE under various parameters suggests that the reaction follows the pseudo-first-order kinetics. MTBE can be synthesized by acid catalyzed reaction between methanol and isobutene. A study suggests that the addition of MTBE increases the number of active sites during polymerization of propene by stopped-flow method.
tert-Butyl methyl ether is a commonly used organic solvent that can be synthesized by acid catalyzed reaction between methanol and isobutene. It is an effective alternative to lead containing additives for enhancing the octane rating of gasoline.

Application

tert-Butyl methyl ether may be used to synthesize fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) and glycerol tert-butyl ether via transesterification with canola oil under supercritical conditions.

Packaging

100 mL in Sure/Seal™
1, 6×1, 2 L in Sure/Seal™

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Flam. Liq. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

-18.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

-28 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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