A non-essential, optically inactive, non-chiral amino acid. It is the smallest of the 20 natural amino acids. Acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter, particularly in brain stem and medulla. Shown to block NMDA-stimulated dopamine release in fetal mesencephalic cell cultures. Also reported to increase NMDA-receptor mediated synaptic potential in cortical neurons.
A nonpolar, uncharged amino acid.
500 g in Glass bottle
1 kg in Glass bottle
Inhibitory neurotransmitter in spinal cord, allosteric regulator of NMDA receptors.
Toxicity: Standard Handling (A)
Shapiro, S. 1997. Neurosurgery 40, 168.
Mount, H., et al. 1991. Mol. Pharmacol.39, 205.
Thompson, A.M., et al. 1989. Nature338, 422.
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