MilliporeSigma
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Distribution of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitors Pictilisib (GDC-0941) and GNE-317 in U87 and GS2 intracranial glioblastoma models-assessment by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization imaging.

Distribution of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitors Pictilisib (GDC-0941) and GNE-317 in U87 and GS2 intracranial glioblastoma models-assessment by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization imaging.

Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals (2014-04-24)
Laurent Salphati, Sheerin Shahidi-Latham, Cristine Quiason, Kai Barck, Merry Nishimura, Bruno Alicke, Jodie Pang, Richard A Carano, Alan G Olivero, Heidi S Phillips
ABSTRACT

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor in adults, and the limited available treatment options have not meaningfully impacted patient survival in the past decades. Such poor outcomes can be at least partly attributed to the inability of most drugs tested to cross the blood-brain barrier and reach all areas of the glioma. The objectives of these studies were to visualize and compare by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) imaging mass spectrometry the brain and tumor distribution of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors pictilisib (GDC-0941, 2-(1H-indazol-4-yl)-6-(4-methanesulfonyl-piperazin-1-ylmethyl)-4-morpholin-4-yl-thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine) and GNE-317 [5-(6-(3-methoxyoxetan-3-yl)-7-methyl-4-morpholinothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-2-yl)pyrimidin-2-amine] in U87 and GS2 orthotopic models of GBM, models that exhibit differing blood-brain barrier characteristics. Following administration to tumor-bearing mice, pictilisib was readily detected within tumors of the contrast-enhancing U87 model whereas it was not located in tumors of the nonenhancing GS2 model. In both GBM models, pictilisib was not detected in the healthy brain. In contrast, GNE-317 was uniformly distributed throughout the brain in the U87 and GS2 models. MALDI imaging revealed also that the pictilisib signal varied regionally by up to 6-fold within the U87 tumors whereas GNE-317 intratumor levels were more homogeneous. Liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analyses of the nontumored half of the brain showed pictilisib had brain-to-plasma ratios lower than 0.03 whereas they were greater than 1 for GNE-317, in agreement with their brain penetration properties. These results in orthotopic models representing either the contrast-enhancing or invasive areas of GBM clearly demonstrate the need for whole-brain distribution to potentially achieve long-term efficacy in GBM.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid, 98%
Supelco
2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid, matrix substance for MALDI-MS, >99.0% (HPLC)
Supelco
2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid, matrix substance for MALDI-MS, ≥99.5% (HPLC), Ultra pure