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Cis-trans amide bond rotamers in β-peptoids and peptoids: evaluation of stereoelectronic effects in backbone and side chains.

Journal of the American Chemical Society (2013-01-25)
Jonas S Laursen, Jens Engel-Andreasen, Peter Fristrup, Pernille Harris, Christian A Olsen
ABSTRACT

Non-natural peptide analogs have significant potential for the development of new materials and pharmacologically active ligands. One such architecture, the β-peptoids (N-alkyl-β-alanines), has found use in a variety of biologically active compounds but has been sparsely studied with respect to folding propensity. Thus, we here report an investigation of the effect of structural variations on the cis-trans amide bond rotamer equilibria in a selection of monomer model systems. In addition to various side chain effects, which correlated well with previous studies of α-peptoids, we present the synthesis and investigation of cis-trans isomerism in the first examples of peptoids and β-peptoids containing thioamide bonds as well as trifluoroacetylated peptoids and β-peptoids. These systems revealed an increase in the preference for cis-amides as compared to their parent compounds and thus provide novel strategies for affecting the folding of peptoid constructs. By using NMR spectroscopy, X-ray crystallographic analysis, and density functional theory calculations, we present evidence for the presence of thioamide-aromatic interactions through C(sp(2))-H···S(amide) hydrogen bonding, which stabilize certain peptoid conformations.

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