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  • PRKCSH contributes to tumorigenesis by selective boosting of IRE1 signaling pathway.

PRKCSH contributes to tumorigenesis by selective boosting of IRE1 signaling pathway.

Nature communications (2019-07-20)
Gu-Choul Shin, Sung Ung Moon, Hong Seok Kang, Hyo-Sun Choi, Hee Dong Han, Kyun-Hwan Kim
ABSTRACT

Unfolded protein response (UPR) is an adaptive mechanism that aims at restoring ER homeostasis under severe environmental stress. Malignant cells are resistant to environmental stress, which is largely due to an activated UPR. However, the molecular mechanisms by which different UPR branches are selectively controlled in tumor cells are not clearly understood. Here, we provide evidence that PRKCSH, previously known as glucosidase II beta subunit, functions as a regulator for selective activation of the IRE1α branch of UPR. PRKCSH boosts ER stress-mediated autophosphorylation and oligomerization of IRE1α through mutual interaction. PRKCSH contributes to the induction of tumor-promoting factors and to tumor resistance to ER stress. Increased levels of PRKCSH in various tumor tissues are positively correlated with the expression of XBP1-target genes. Taken together, our data provide a molecular rationale for selective activation of the IRE1α branch in tumors and adaptation of tumor cells to severe environmental stress.