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S7576

Sigma-Aldrich

Shikonin

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
(±)-5,8-Dihydroxy-2-(1-hydroxy-4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-1,4-naphthoquinone, (±)-Alkannin, (±)-Shikalkin, (±)-Shikonin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H16O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
288.30
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder or solid

color

red to brown

solubility

methanol: 1 mg/mL

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

C\C(C)=C\CC(O)C1=CC(=O)c2c(O)ccc(O)c2C1=O

InChI

1S/C16H16O5/c1-8(2)3-4-10(17)9-7-13(20)14-11(18)5-6-12(19)15(14)16(9)21/h3,5-7,10,17-19H,4H2,1-2H3

InChI key

NEZONWMXZKDMKF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

General description

Shikonin is a major phytochemical compound extracted from the roots of Lithospermum erythrorhizon. It is a natural anthraquinone derivative.

Application

Shikonin has been used:
  • to enhance the anti-tumor activity of gefitinib on tyrosine kinase receptor epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in wild-type lung cancer cells
  • as an inhibitor of renal aerobic glycosis and a potential
  • as an anti-inflammatory agent to test its role to improve lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cardiac dysfunction
  • to stimulate bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) to test the effect of Interferon regulatory factor 1 on cell death

Packaging

10 mg in glass bottle
50 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Naphthoquinone isolated from Arnebia sp. Used as an anti-inflammatory treatment in traditional chinese medicine (TCM). Inhibits chemokine receptor function and suppresses HIV-1.† Circumvents cancer drug resistance by induction of cell death through a necroptotic pathway.† Treatment of cancer cells with shikonin suppressed glycolysis via the inhibition of pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2).
Shikonin is a potent anti-fungal agent against C. albicans biofilms. It displays anti-oxidant and chemotherapeutic properties on human glioma cells.

Pictograms

Exclamation markEnvironment

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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