All Photos(1)




pH 8.5-9.5 (20 °C)

MDL number:


aseptically filled

Quality Level


clear colorless to faint yellow


8.5-9.5 (20 °C)



storage temp.


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General description

Percoll® is a classic medium for density gradient centrifugation of cells, viruses, and subcellular particles. Percoll consists of colloidal silica particles of 15–30 nm diameter (23% w/w in water), which have been coated with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). The PVP coating renders the product completely non-toxic and ideal for use with biological materials.


Percoll® has been used in sperm preparation to study the energy requirements of bovine embryos.
Percoll consists of colloidal silica particles of 15-30 nm diameter (23% w/w in water) which have been coated with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). It is used to establish non-toxic low viscosity, low osmolarity density gradients that can be used to isolate cells, organelles and viruses. It has been used to separate inner and outer membrane vesicles from E. coli. Percoll is isosmotic throughout the gradient, non-toxic, and is easily removed from the purified materials.

Legal Information

Percoll is a registered trademark of Cytiva

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

  1. Can you help me calculate gradients for Percoll®, Product P1644?

    The product information sheet (under Documents, above) has an equation for calculating density of a given solution.

  2. When using Product P1644, Percoll®, what density should I use for my particular system?

    The product information sheet (under Documents, above) has a table of densities for different organelles and cell types.

  3. Is there a "best" salt solution to use with Product P1644, Percoll®?

    Percoll can be used with various salt formulations (PBS, 1.5 M NaCl, HBSS, etc.). Physiological saline and balanced salt solutions can be suggested.  Sucrose is included to prevent aggregation.  You can find detailed preparation instructions on the product information sheet (under Documents, above) for this produc.

  4. Can Percoll®, Product P1644, be autoclaved?

    Percoll can be autoclaved, but this must be done without any salts or sucrose present.

  5. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  6. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  7. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  8. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  9. What is the difference between Percoll® Products P4937 and P1644?

    Product Nos. P1644 and P4937 are both Percoll. Product No. P4937 has additional testing for use in cell culture.

  10. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Development of bovine embryos in vitro as affected by energy substrates.
Rosenkrans Jr C F, et al.
Biology of Reproduction, 49(3), 459-462 (1993)
Laufey Geirsdottir et al.
Cell, 179(7), 1609-1622 (2019-12-14)
Microglia, the brain-resident immune cells, are critically involved in many physiological and pathological brain processes, including neurodegeneration. Here we characterize microglia morphology and transcriptional programs across ten species spanning more than 450 million years of evolution. We find that microglia
Noa Bossel Ben-Moshe et al.
Nature communications, 10(1), 3266-3266 (2019-07-25)
Complex interactions between different host immune cell types can determine the outcome of pathogen infections. Advances in single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) allow probing of these immune interactions, such as cell-type compositions, which are then interpreted by deconvolution algorithms using bulk
Tanja Zöller et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 19(3) (2018-03-02)
Microglia are the resident immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS) and participate in physiological and pathological processes. Their unique developmental nature suggests age-dependent structural and functional impairments that might contribute to neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, we
R Hovius et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1021(2), 217-226 (1990-01-29)
Rat liver mitochondria were isolated by a combination of differential and Percoll gradient centrifugation, resulting in a highly pure and intact preparation, as assessed by marker enzyme analysis, latency of cytochrome-c oxidase, respiratory control index and electron microscopy. Two different

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

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