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O9381

Sigma-Aldrich

Okadaic acid from Prorocentrum concavum

92-100% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
OA
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C44H68O13
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
805.00
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

92-100% (HPLC)

form

powder

solubility

DMSO: ≥1 mg/mL
ethanol: ≥1 mg/mL
methanol: ≥1 mg/mL
H2O: insoluble

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

O[C@@H](C[C@@H]([C@@]1([H])O[C@@]2(CCCCO2)CC[C@H]1C)C)[C@]3([H])C([C@@H](O)[C@]4([H])O[C@]5(CC[C@@](/C=C/[C@@H](C)[C@@]6([H])O[C@]7(O[C@H](C[C@@](C)(O)C(O)=O)CC[C@H]7O)C=C(C)C6)([H])O5)CC[C@@]4([H])O3)=C

InChI

1S/C44H68O13/c1-25-21-34(55-44(23-25)35(46)12-11-31(54-44)24-41(6,50)40(48)49)26(2)9-10-30-14-18-43(53-30)19-15-33-39(57-43)36(47)29(5)38(52-33)32(45)22-28(4)37-27(3)13-17-42(56-37)16-7-8-20-51-42/h9-10,23,26-28,30-39,45-47,50H,5,7-8,11-22,24H2,1-4,6H3,(H,48,49)/b10-9+/t26-,27-,28+,30+,31+,32+,33-,34+,35-,36-,37+,38+,39-,41-,42+,43-,44-/m1/s1

InChI key

QNDVLZJODHBUFM-WFXQOWMNSA-N

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General description

Okadaic acid is a polyether fatty acid. It is a marine toxin produced by the genera of Prorocentrum and Dinophysis.

Application

Okadaic acid from Prorocentrum concavum has been used as a phosphatase inhibitor:
  • to inhibit protein phosphatase 2 in spermatocytes culture
  • to treat SH-SY5Y cells to prevent dephosphorylation to maintain tau
  • to treat human embryonic kidney 293T cells (HEK293T) or H4 cells to analyse its effect on fused in sarcoma (FUS) protein

Biochem/physiol Actions

Dinoflagellate toxin and an ionophore-like polyether derivative of a 38 carbon, fatty acid. Readily enters cells. Inhibitor of type 1 and type 2A protein phosphatases. Does not inhibit tyrosine phosphatases, alkaline phosphatases or acid phosphatase. Known tumor promotor. Used to study various cellular processes including cell cycle, apoptosis, nitric oxide metabolism and calcium signaling.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Phosphoprotein Phosphatases (Serine/Threonine) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Preparation Note

Isolated from unialgal cultures of dinoflagellates.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

6.1B - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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