L9504

Sigma-Aldrich

D-Luciferin

synthetic

Synonym(s):
Firefly Luciferin, (S)-2-(6-Hydroxy-2-benzothiazolyl)-2-thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid, 4,5-Dihydro-2-(6-hydroxy-2-benzothiazolyl)-4-thiazolecarboxylic acid
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C11H8N2O3S2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
280.32
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
30484
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

solubility

DMSO: 10 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

fluorescence

λex 328 nm; λem 532 nm in H2O

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

OC(=O)[C@H]1CSC(=N1)c2nc3ccc(O)cc3s2

InChI

1S/C11H8N2O3S2/c14-5-1-2-6-8(3-5)18-10(12-6)9-13-7(4-17-9)11(15)16/h1-3,7,14H,4H2,(H,15,16)/t7-/m1/s1

InChI key

BJGNCJDXODQBOB-SSDOTTSWSA-N

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General description

D-Luciferin is a small molecule present abundantly in bioluminescent organisms. This molecule is sensitive to oxygen and light.

Application

D-Luciferin has been used in determining luciferase activity by luciferase assay in mice and Arabidopsis thaliana seeds. It has also been used in measuring bioluminescence in neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes.
Substrate for firefly luciferase with a Km of approx 2 μM.

Packaging

10, 50, 100 mg in poly bottle
1, 5 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

D-Luciferin uptake within the cells is regulated by the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) transporter inhibitors like ATP-binding cassette transporter G2 (ABCG2)/ breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) inhibitor fumitremorgin C. This substrate is oxidized by firefly luciferase that results in emitting a photon, which has the capability of passing through living tissues.

storage_class_code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Imaging and Spectroscopic Analysis of Living Cells
Test (2012)
Caglar Cekic et al.
Cancer research, 74(24), 7239-7249 (2014-10-25)
Adenosine A(2A) receptor (A(2A)R) blockade enhances innate and adaptive immune responses. However, mouse genetic studies have shown that A(2A)R deletion does not inhibit the growth of all tumor types. In the current study, we showed that growth rates for ectopic...
Jamie F S Mann et al.
Journal of virology, 88(12), 6959-6969 (2014-04-11)
It is accepted that an effective prophylactic HIV-1 vaccine is likely to have the greatest impact on viral transmission rates. As previous reports have implicated DNA-priming, protein boost regimens to be efficient activators of humoral responses, we sought to optimize...
Erik Wennerberg et al.
Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII, 64(2), 225-235 (2014-10-27)
Adoptive infusion of natural killer (NK) cells is being increasingly explored as a therapy in patients with cancer, although clinical responses are thus far limited to patients with hematological malignancies. Inadequate homing of infused NK cells to the tumor site...
Matthias N van Oosterom et al.
EJNMMI research, 4, 56-56 (2014-11-12)
In vivo bioluminescence, fluorescence, and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging provide complementary information about biological processes. However, to date these signatures are evaluated separately on individual preclinical systems. In this paper, we introduce a fully integrated bioluminescence-fluorescence-SPECT platform. Next...
Articles
Bioluminescence imaging (BLI) systems allows for high-sensitive and noninvasive monitoring of cell proliferation, activity of signaling pathways and protein-protein interactions in living tissues.
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Firefly luciferase is a widely used bioluminescent reporter for studying gene regulation and function. It is a very sensitive genetic reporter due to the absence of endogenous luciferase activity in mammalian cells or tissues.
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