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A9978

Sigma-Aldrich

AICAR

≥98% (HPLC), powder

Synonym(s):
5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide 1-β-D-ribofuranoside, N1-(β-D-Ribofuranosyl)-5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide, Acadesine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C9H14N4O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
258.23
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

color

tan

mp

214-215 °C

solubility

H2O: >7 mg/mL

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

NC(=O)c1ncn([C@@H]2O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H]2O)c1N

InChI

1S/C9H14N4O5/c10-7-4(8(11)17)12-2-13(7)9-6(16)5(15)3(1-14)18-9/h2-3,5-6,9,14-16H,1,10H2,(H2,11,17)/t3-,5-,6-,9-/m1/s1

InChI key

RTRQQBHATOEIAF-UUOKFMHZSA-N

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General description

Adenosine monophosphate protein kinase (AMPK) activator 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR) modulates cellular energy. It regulates lipid and glucose metabolism, pro-inflammatory responses, cytokine production, cell proliferation and apoptosis. AICAR improves ischemia or reperfusion injury and kidney fibrosis in rats. It provides protection against acute tubular necrosis.

Application

AICAR has been used to provide protection against cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury through the JAK (tyrosine-protein kinase )/STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription )/SOCS (suppressor of cytokine signaling) pathway. It also has been used in the assay of FapR (malonyl-CoA responsive bacterial transcriptional factor )-NLuc (nanoLuciferase) biosensor activity.

Packaging

5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

AICAR is a cell permeable activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a metabolic master regulator that is activated in times of reduced energy availability (high cellular AMP:ATP ratios) and serves to inhibit anabolic processes. In vivo, pharmacologic activation of AMPK with AICAR mimics exercise and triggers insulin-independent glucose uptake by skeletal muscle.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Kinase Phosphatase Biology research. Click here to discover more featured Kinase Phosphatase Biology products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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More Documents

Quotes and Ordering

Articles

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