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A8001

Sigma-Aldrich

Aconitine

≥95% (HPLC), crystalline

Synonym(s):
Acetylbenzoylaconine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C34H47NO11
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
645.74
Beilstein:
74608
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

crystalline

color

white

solubility

H2O: 0.3 mg/mL
ethanol: 35 mg/mL

SMILES string

CCN1C[C@]2(COC)[C@H](O)C[C@@H](OC)C34C5C[C@]6(O)[C@@H](OC)[C@H](O)[C@@](OC(C)=O)(C5[C@H]6OC(=O)c7ccccc7)C([C@H](OC)C23)C14

InChI

1S/C34H47NO11/c1-7-35-15-31(16-41-3)20(37)13-21(42-4)33-19-14-32(40)28(45-30(39)18-11-9-8-10-12-18)22(19)34(46-17(2)36,27(38)29(32)44-6)23(26(33)35)24(43-5)25(31)33/h8-12,19-29,37-38,40H,7,13-16H2,1-6H3/t19-,20-,21-,22-,23+,24+,25?,26?,27+,28-,29+,31+,32-,33?,34-/m1/s1

InChI key

XFSBVAOIAHNAPC-VBUFWTEXSA-N

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Application

Aconitine has been used:
  • to study its cardiotoxic effects along the pericardium meridian (PM) on cardiac rhythm in rabbits
  • as a standard in high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) fingerprinting method
  • in the aconitine-based lipo-alkaloids semi-synthesis

Aconitine is a neurotoxin which activates tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na+ channels, inducing presynaptic depolarization and blocking the release of neurotransmitters. Aconitine also blocks norepinephrine reuptake. In the heart, aconitine induces ventricular tachycardia after intracoronary injection.

Packaging

5, 25, 100, 250 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Neurotoxin. Activates tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na+ channels, inducing presynaptic depolarization, thus blocking the nerve action potential which, in turn, blocks the release of neurotransmitters and decreases the end plate potential at the neuromuscular junction. Aconitine also blocks norepinephrine reuptake. In the heart, aconitine induces ventricular tachycardia after intracoronary injection. In cultured ventricular myocytes, aconitine increases the duration of the action potential and induces the appearance of early after depolarization.
Aconitine is a diesterditerpene alkaloid found abundantly in the plant Aconitum genera. It possesses analgesic, antipyretic and antirheumatic activity. Aconitine is involved in blocking neurotransmission. It acts as a neurotoxin as well as a cardiotoxin. Aconitine triggers ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF). It interacts with voltage-dependent Na+ channels which results in the depolarization of membranes. Aconitine may exhibit therapeutic effects against systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It also inhibits the reuptake of norepinephrine.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 1 Oral - Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

T Y Chan et al.
Veterinary and human toxicology, 36(5), 452-455 (1994-10-01)
Both "chuanwu", the main root of Aconitum carmichaeli, and "caowu", the root of A kusnezoffii, are believed to possess anti-inflammatory, analgesic and cardiotonic effects and have been used in Chinese materia medica mainly for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. They
Hongbin Zhu et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 752, 69-77 (2012-10-30)
This study presents a novel and rapid method to identify chemical markers for the quality control of Radix Aconiti Preparata, a world widely used traditional herbal medicine. In the method, the samples with a fast extraction procedure were analyzed using
U Seitz et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 55(6), 883-888 (1998-05-20)
The effect of the Aconitum alkaloids aconitine, 3-acetylaconitine, lappaconitine, and N-desacetyllappaconitine to inhibit [3H]noradrenaline uptake was investigated in rat hippocampal synaptosomes. Aconitine and 3-acetylaconitine, which are known to activate sodium channels, had comparable inhibitory potencies and yielded Ki (inhibitor constant)
Yogini Jaiswal et al.
Phytochemistry, 107, 155-174 (2014-08-31)
Aconite poisoning continues to be a major type of poisoning caused by herbal drugs in many countries. Nevertheless, despite its toxic characteristics, aconite is used because of its valuable therapeutic benefits. The aim of the present study was to determine
T Y Chan
Veterinary and human toxicology, 36(4), 326-328 (1994-08-01)
The circumstances under which poisoning by the Aconitum species or their derivatives occurred since 1950s are reviewed. Aconitine poisoning is far more common in Asia, particularly China and Hong Kong, than in the western countries. This may be because of

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