All Photos(6)

L6876

Sigma-Aldrich

Lysozyme from chicken egg white

lyophilized powder, protein ≥90 %, ≥40,000 units/mg protein

Synonym(s):
Mucopeptide N-acetylmuramoylhydrolase, Muramidase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

form

lyophilized powder

specific activity

≥40,000 units/mg protein

mol wt

single-chain 14.3 kDa

composition

protein, ≥90%

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

chicken ... LYZ(396218)

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Application

Lysozyme from chicken egg white has been used for the extraction of genomic DNA from bacterial cells. It has been used as an external standard for MALDI-TOF (matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight) mass analysis.
Enzyme breaks down the cell walls of bacteria; used to prepare spheroplasts.

Packaging

1, 5, 10, 25, 100 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lysozyme hydrolyzes β(1→4) linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrin. Gram-positive cells are quite susceptible to this hydrolysis as their cell walls have a high proportion of peptidoglycan. Gram-negative bacteria are less susceptible due to the presence of an outer membrane and a lower proportion of peptidoglycan. However, these cells may be hydrolyzed in the presence of EDTA that chelates metal ions in the outer bacterial membrane.

The enzyme is active over a broad pH range (6.0 to 9.0). At pH 6.2, maximal activity is observed over a wider range of ionic strengths (0.02 to 0.100 M) than at pH 9.2 (0.01 to 0.06 M).

Unit Definition

One unit will produce a ΔA450 of 0.001 per min at pH 6.24 at 25 °C, using a suspension of Micrococcus lysodeikticus as substrate, in a 2.6 mL reaction mixture (1 cm light path).

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. How can Product L6876, Lysozyme from chicken egg white, be reconstituted and can stock solutions be prepared?

    For the lysis procedure, use a freshly prepared solution of 500,000 units/ml in 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0. The product is also soluble in water (10 mg/ml) yielding a clear to slightly hazy colorless solution. Aqueous solutions should be stable for at least one month when stored between 2-8 °C.

  2. Can Product L6876, Lysozyme from chicken egg white, be inactivated by heat?

    Solutions of Lysozyme may be inactivated by boiling for 40 seconds at 100°C at an alkaline pH.

  3. What is the amino acid sequence of Product L6876, Lysozyme from chicken egg white?

    Lysozyme is a single chain polypeptide of 129 amino acids. The amino acid sequence of chicken egg white Lysozyme is described in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, 238, 2698-2707 (1963).

  4. Under what conditions can Product L6876, Lysozyme from chicken egg white, be used to lyse E. coli?

    The following procedure is for the lysis of E. coli. It may be used as a guideline for other species.1. Incubate E. coli (strain ATCC 37017) bearing the pBR322 plasmid overnight in Terrific Broth (Product No. T 0918) with 25 μg/ml tetracycline (Product No T 3383) and 25 μg/ml ampicillin (Product No. A 9518).2. Centrifuge 1-2 ml samples of the overnight culture.3. Resuspend the pellets in 350 μl of STET buffer (10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0, with 0.1 M NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, and 5% [w/v] TRITON® X-100).4. Add 25 μl of a freshly prepared lysozyme solution (500,000 units/ml in 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0).5. Mix by vortexing for 3 seconds.6. Incubate the lysis mixture for 30 minutes at 37 °C7. After incubation, place the tube containing the lysis mixture in a boiling water bath for exactly 40 seconds.8. Centrifuge the lysis mixture at 14,000 x g.9. Remove the pellet (cell debris) from the tube using a sterile toothpick.10. Plasmid DNA from the supernatant may then be purified and analyzed.

  5. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  6. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  7. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  8. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  9. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Valerio Iebba et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 8210-8210 (2018-05-31)
In liver cirrhosis (LC), impaired intestinal functions lead to dysbiosis and possible bacterial translocation (BT). Bacteria or their byproducts within the bloodstream can thus play a role in systemic inflammation and hepatic encephalopathy (HE). We combined 16S sequencing, NMR metabolomics...
Adrian P Nievergelt et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 19(10) (2018-10-03)
Imaging living cells by atomic force microscopy (AFM) promises not only high-resolution topographical data, but additionally, mechanical contrast, both of which are not obtainable with other microscopy techniques. Such imaging is however challenging, as cells need to be measured with...
A rapid procedure for isolating chromosomal DNA from Lactobacillus species and other Gram-positive bacteria.
Ulrich RL and Hughes TA
Letters in Applied Microbiology, 32, 52-52 (2001)
Human intestinal lumen and mucosa-associated microbiota in patients with colorectal cancer.
Chen W et al.
PLoS ONE, 7, e39743-e39743 (2012)
Genetic diversity within Streptococcus mutans evident from chromosomal DNA restriction fragment polymorphisms.
Caufield PW and Walker TM
Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 27, 274-274 (1989)

Articles

Carbohydrate Analysis

A key resource feature at our Enzyme Explorer section of biochemicals is "Enzymes for Carbohydrate Analysis and Digestion." Offering kits, reagents, analysis, lists of enzymes related to PTM and carbohydrate metabolism.

HPLC Analysis of Proteins by Cation Exchange on Proteomix® WCX-NP5: Affect of pH

Separation of Ribonuclease A from bovine pancreas, Type I-A, powder, ≥60% RNase A basis (SDS-PAGE), ≥50 Kunitz units/mg protein; α-Chymotrypsinogen A from bovine pancreas, essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder; Cytochrome c from bovine heart, ≥95% based on Mol. Wt. 12,327 basis; Lysozyme from chicken egg white, lyophilized powder, protein ≥90 %, ≥40,000 units/mg protein

HPLC Analysis of Protein Standards (1) on BIOshell™ A400 Protein C4

For use as a marker in SDS-PAGE; Albumin from chicken egg white, For use as a marker in SDS-PAGE; L-Lactic Dehydrogenase from rabbit muscle, Type XI, lyophilized powder, 600-1,200 units/mg protein

HPLC Analysis of Proteins by Cation Exchange on Proteomix® WCX: Affect of Particle Size

Separation of Ribonuclease A from bovine pancreas, Type I-A, powder, ≥60% RNase A basis (SDS-PAGE), ≥50 Kunitz units/mg protein; α-Chymotrypsinogen A from bovine pancreas, essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder; Cytochrome c from bovine heart, ≥95% based on Mol. Wt. 12,327 basis; Lysozyme from chicken egg white, lyophilized powder, protein ≥90 %, ≥40,000 units/mg protein

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Lysozyme (EC 3.2.1.17)

This enzymatic rate determination may be used for Lysozyme products. It is not to be used to assay recombinant or insoluble Lysozyme on agarose.

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