MilliporeSigma
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56690

Sigma-Aldrich

Hypericin from Hypericum perforatum

~95% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
Hypericum red, 4,5,7,4′,5′,7′-Hexahydroxy-2,2′-dimethylnaphthodianthrone, Cyclo werrol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C30H16O8
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
504.44
Beilstein:
1917913
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

assay

~95% (HPLC)

Quality Level

solubility

1 M NaOH: 10 mg/mL, turbid, dark green

SMILES string

Cc1cc(O)c2C(=O)c3c(O)cc(O)c4c5c(O)cc(O)c6C(=O)c7c(O)cc(C)c8c1c2c(c34)c(c78)c56

InChI

1S/C30H16O8/c1-7-3-9(31)19-23-15(7)16-8(2)4-10(32)20-24(16)28-26-18(12(34)6-14(36)22(26)30(20)38)17-11(33)5-13(35)21(29(19)37)25(17)27(23)28/h3-6,31-36H,1-2H3

InChI key

BTXNYTINYBABQR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Hypericin hydrophobic is a red color pigment occurring naturally in Hypericum perforatum. Its fluorescence is measured at 600 nm. It is localized in the intracellular membranes including nuclear membrane, mitochondrial membrane, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes and endoplasmic reticulum.

Application

Hypericin from Hypericum perforatum has been used:
  • in the broth macrodilution test and antibacterial assay against bacterial strains
  • as a medium supplement for human malignant melanoma cells for irradiation and localization studies
  • as a ligand for pregnane X receptor (PXR) and as defatting medium supplement for primary human hepatocytes culture

Biochem/physiol Actions

Hypericin is a potent inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC), telomerase, cytochrome P450 and reverse transcriptase. It is exploited for its photosensitizing functionality in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) in cancer cells.
Anthraquinone-derivative within St. John′s wort. Antibacterial effective against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

Packaging

Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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