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79622

Sigma-Aldrich

Phosphoric acid

puriss. p.a., crystallized, ≥99.0% (T)

Synonym(s):
Orthophosphoric acid
Linear Formula:
H3PO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
98.00
Beilstein:
1921286
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

vapor density

3.4 (vs air)

vapor pressure

2.2 mmHg ( 20 °C)
5 mmHg ( 25 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.0% (T)

form

powder or crystals

quality

crystallized

impurities

≤0.002% KMnO4-reducing matter (as O)

bp

158 °C (lit.)

mp

~40 °C (lit.)
~40 °C

solubility

water: 850 g/L at 20 °C

density

1.685 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 mg/kg
nitrate (NO3-): ≤5 mg/kg
phosphite, hypophosphite (as H3PO3): ≤500 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤30 mg/kg

cation traces

As: ≤1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤1 mg/kg
Co: ≤1 mg/kg
Cr: ≤1 mg/kg
Cu: ≤1 mg/kg
Fe: ≤10 mg/kg
K: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤1 mg/kg
Na: ≤50 mg/kg
Ni: ≤1 mg/kg
Pb: ≤1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤1 mg/kg

SMILES string

OP(O)(O)=O

InChI

1S/H3O4P/c1-5(2,3)4/h(H3,1,2,3,4)

InChI key

NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

The product is crystalline phosphoric acid.

Application

Phosphoric acid has been employed as an oxidation reagent in a study.1 It may be used in the preparation of ammonium phosphate.

Packaging

100, 500 g in glass bottle
1 kg in glass bottle

Other Notes

Concentrated phosphoric acid is approx. 85% H3PO4 (aqueous).

Caution

product may become solid, becomes liquid on heating to 50°C

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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