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459844

Sigma-Aldrich

Ethyl alcohol, Pure

200 proof, ACS reagent, ≥99.5%

Synonym(s):
absolute alcohol, non-denatured ethanol, Ethanol
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
46.07
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

1.59 (vs air)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

expl. lim.

3.1-27.7 %

concentration

200 proof

impurities

H2SO4, passes test (darkened)
MnO4- reducers, passes test
acetone, passes test
isopropanol, passes test
≤0.0002 meq/g Titr. base
≤0.0005 meq/g Titr. acid
≤0.1% Methanol
≤0.2% water

evapn. residue

≤0.001%

color

APHA: ≤10

pH

7.0 (20 °C, 10 g/L)

bp

78.3 °C

mp

-114 °C

solubility

H2O: passes test

density

0.789 g/mL at 20 °C

application(s)

agriculture

InChI

1S/C2H6O/c1-2-3/h3H,2H2,1H3

InChI key

LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Prices include Federal Tax.
Chromatin isolation by RNA purification (ChIRP). Ci C Chu, Jeffrey J Quinn, Howard Y HY Chang, Journal of Visualized Experiments 2012-01-01
Chromatin isolation by RNA purification (ChIRP)

Genomic maps of long noncoding RNA occupancy reveal principles of RNA-chromatin interactions.
Ci C Chu, Kun K Qu, Franklin L FL Zhong, Steven E SE Artandi, Howard Y HY Chang, Molecular Cell 2011-11-18Genomic maps of long noncoding RNA occupancy reveal principles of RNA-chromatin interactions.
Pure ethyl alcohol is a non-denatured 200proof ethanol. Ethanol, a primary alcohol, is an important raw material for the synthesis of various compounds. It can be synthesized either from molasses by fermentation or by hydration of ethylene. It acts as a hydrogen source and reaction medium during the transfer hydrogenation of carbonyl compounds in the presence of sodium hydroxide. The impact of ethanol/water fumigation on the performance of diesel engines has been studied. ACS grade solvent can be used for processes requiring strict quality conditions such as analytical testing.

Application

Pure ethyl alcohol (Ethanol) has been used in the following processes:
  • Preparation of AMBF3 (ammoniomethyltrifluoroborate)-conjugated biomolecules.
  • As an absorbing liquid for the determination of Grüneisen parameter by photoacoustic measurement in an integrating sphere system.
  • Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) on-fiber derivatization analysis of resveratrol extracted from red wine.

Packaging

25 L in stainless steel drum
500, 6×500 mL in glass bottle
1, 6×1, 2.5, 4, 4×4 L in glass bottle
200 L in steel drum

Other Notes

Sales restrictions may apply

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

55.4 °F

Flash Point(C)

13 °C

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. Who do I contact about larger solvent volume needs?

    Email us at labessentials@sial.com or visit Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals for development and manufacturing-scale inquiries: safcglobal@sial.com

  4. How do I know what packaging options are available for a solvent?

    The Solvent Center gives you the ability to review all the specifications associated with our solvent packaging. This includes physical dimensions, closure types, dispensing methods, UN/DOT Rating as well as solvent compatibility. Visit the Solvent Center.

  5. Who do I contact if I need a solvent blend, which you do not carry?

    Email us at labessentials@sial.com. For a complete listing of all our Solvent blends, visit the Solvent Center

  6. The dispensing of solvents provides some challenges due to the number of container options available. What dispensing options are available for each container?

    The Sigma-Aldrich Solvent Center provides numerous dispensing options for each container type. For a complete listing of all our dispensing options, visit the Solvent Center.

  7. Which solvent grade should I be using for my application?

    Sigma-Aldrich Solvent Applications Table gives a guideline to common applications and the appropriate solvent grades.  Visit: Solvents

  8. What are the options for drying solvents? 

    Sigma-Aldrich offers a full range of high-purity solvents with extremely low water levels specifically manufactured for moisture sensitive Organic and Biotech applications.  Sigma-Aldrich also carries various drying agents such as molecular sieves, which are typically compatible with organic solvents.

  9. What apparatus do you recommend for HPLC solvent filtration?

    The Sigma-Aldrich Vacuum Filtration Assembly gives you all the components you need including: funnel top, fritted glass funnel support, filtration flask, aluminum clamp, and silicone stopper.  The Acrodisc Syringe Filters offer high quality filtration for analytical samples, certified for HPLC to ensure low extractable and available in a broad range of membranes to meet sample compatibility requirements.

  10. Can you recommend a Solvent Extractor for organics from aqueous solution?

    Solvent extractors are often used for the quantitative extraction of organics from aqueous solutions and separations in immunoassays. The MIXXOR system has been applied successfully in many laboratory solvent extraction operations and is ideal for the rapid screening of alternative solvents for specific extraction problems.

  11. What is 190 proof and 200 proof ethanol?

    All non-denatured ethanol products have a proof associated with the product description. The proof is a measure of the water content of the ethanol portion of the product. The proof is calculated as two times (2 x) the actual ethanol concentration by volume.

  12. How can I get help with the ATF paperwork for 190 and 200 proof ethanol?

    Because these non-denatured ethanol products are federally regulated, an ATF permit is required to purchase 190 and 200 proof ethanol. Sigma-Aldrich takes the hassle out of this process for you! There is no ATF paperwork needed or records to be kept on your part. Sigma-Aldrich holds the permit, and immediately pays the federal excise tax. For more regulatory information regarding the tax on ethanol, visit the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.

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  14. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

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Photoacoustic measurement of the Gruneisen parameter using an integrating sphere.
Villanueva Y, et al.
The Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(7), 074904-074904 (2014)
Sodium hydroxide-catalyzed transfer hydrogenation of carbonyl compounds and nitroarenes using ethanol or isopropanol as both solvent and hydrogen donor.
Wang D, et al.
J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 400, 14-21 (2015)
Assessment of a direct injection diesel engine fumigated with ethanol/water mixtures.
Morsy MH.
Energy Conversion and Management, 94, 406-414 (2015)
Zhibo Liu et al.
Nature protocols, 10(9), 1423-1432 (2015-08-28)
Herein we present a general protocol for the functionalization of biomolecules with an organotrifluoroborate moiety so that they can be radiolabeled with aqueous (18)F fluoride ((18)F(-)) and used for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. Among the β(+)-emitting radionuclides, fluorine-18 ((18)F)
S Enocksson et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 95(5), 2239-2245 (1995-05-01)
Although it is well established in several mammalian species that beta 3-adrenoceptors play a major role in regulating lipolysis and thermogenesis in adipose tissue, the functional existence and role of this receptor subtype in man has been controversial. We investigated

Protocols

US EPA Method 8270 (Appendix IX): GC Analysis of Semivolatiles on Equity®-5 (30 m x 0.25 mm I.D., 0.50 μm)

US EPA Method 8270 (Appendix IX): GC Analysis of Semivolatiles on Equity®-5 (30 m x 0.25 mm I.D., 0.50 μm)

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