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32221

Sigma-Aldrich

Ethanol

puriss. p.a., absolute, ≥99.8% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Ethyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
46.07
Beilstein:
1718733
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

vapor density

1.59 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

44.6 mmHg ( 20 °C)

grade

absolute
puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.8% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

683 °F

quality

sales not in Germany1

expl. lim.

19 %, 60 °F

impurities

furfural, in accordance
≤0.0001% free alkali (as NH3)
≤0.0001% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.0003% KMnO4 red. matter (as O)
≤0.0005% free acid (as CH3COOH)
≤0.001% acetone (GC)
≤0.001% aldehydes (as CH3CHO)
≤0.001% non-volatile matter
≤0.003% 2-propanol
≤0.003% carbonyl compounds (as CO)
≤0.02% methanol (GC)
≤0.05% iso-amyl alcohol
≤0.2% water (Karl Fischer)

refractive index

n20/D 1.3600 (lit.)
n20/D 1.3612-1.3618

bp

78 °C (lit.)

mp

−114 °C (lit.)

density

0.789 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
B: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sn: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CCO

suitability

complies for UV absorption
complies for appearance
complies for identity A
complies for identity B
passes test for reaction against H2SO4

InChI

1S/C2H6O/c1-2-3/h3H,2H2,1H3

InChI key

LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Ethanol was used as dispersion medium for already prepared silver nanoparticles.[29]
It may be used in the following studies:
  • Hydrothermal synthesis of single crystal ZnO nanorod.
[91]
  • Synthesis of N-(N′dodecylcarboxamidomethyl)N,N,dimethyl ammonio propane sulfonates.
  • [82]
  • As solvent for cytofluorimetric analysis.
  • [94]
  • Preparation of TiO2 colloid (particle size = 20nm).
  • [96]

    Footnote

    1Distribution and use of ethyl alcohol in Switzerland require a license from the Swiss Federal Alcohol Administration

    Pictograms

    FlameExclamation mark

    Signal Word

    Danger

    Hazard Statements

    Hazard Classifications

    Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

    Storage Class Code

    3 - Flammable liquids

    WGK

    WGK 1

    Flash Point(F)

    55.4 °F

    Flash Point(C)

    13 °C

    Certificate of Analysis

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    Certificate of Origin

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