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19460

Sigma-Aldrich

tert-Butanol

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.7% (GC)

Synonym(s):
TBA, 2-Methyl-2-propanol, tert-Butyl alcohol, Trimethyl carbinol
Linear Formula:
(CH3)3COH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
74.12
Beilstein:
906698
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Quality Level

vapor density

2.5 (vs air)

vapor pressure

31 mmHg ( 20 °C)
44 mmHg ( 26 °C)

assay

≥99.7% (GC)

form

solid or liquid

autoignition temp.

896 °F

expl. lim.

8 %

impurities

≤0.1% water
<0.01% carbonyl compounds (as HCHO)

evapn. residue

≤0.001%

refractive index

n20/D 1.387 (lit.)
n20/D 1.387

pH

7 (20 °C)

bp

83 °C (lit.)

mp

23-26 °C (lit.)

density

0.775 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
B: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sn: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CC(C)(C)O

InChI

1S/C4H10O/c1-4(2,3)5/h5H,1-3H3

InChI key

DKGAVHZHDRPRBM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

tert-Butanol is a tertiary alcohol. Aqueous potassium peroxodisulphate undergoes photolysis in the presence of tert-butanol on irradiation with 254nm light at 20°C. It participates in the 12-tungstophosphoric acid supported on zirconia (TPA/ZrO2) catalyzed butylation of p-cresol.

Application

tert-Butanol may be employed for the preparation of carbohydrate fatty acid esters. It may be employed as reaction medium during the production of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) from waste cooking palm oil (WCPO) by lipase-catalyzed reaction.
tert-Butanol may be used in the following processes:
  • As a solvent for the lipase-mediated alcoholysis of soybean oil deodorizer distillate (SODD) to generate biodiesel.
  • As an hydroxyl (OH) radical scavenger in oxygenated aqueous solutions.
  • As both reactant and solvent for the etherification of glycerol over solid acid catalysts to produce glycerol mono-buthoxy ethers (GMBEs) and glycerol di-buthoxy ethers (GDBEs).
  • As an alkylating agent for p-cresol in the presence of a heteropoly acid to form 2-tert-butyl-p-cresol and 2,6-di-tert-butyl-p-cresol as the main products.

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

59.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

15 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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