79609

Sigma-Aldrich

Phosphorus pentoxide

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥98.0% (T)

Synonym(s):
Phosphoric anhydride, Phosphorus(V) oxide
Linear Formula:
P2O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
141.94
EC Number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

vapor density

4.9 (vs air)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 384 °C)
10 mmHg ( 238 °C)

assay

≥98.0% (T)

form

powder or crystals

impurities

≤0.02% phosphorus trioxide (P2O3)

pH

1.5 (20 °C, 10 g/L)

mp

340 °C (lit.)

density

2.3 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤10 mg/kg
nitrate (NO3-): ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

As: ≤100 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
NH4+: ≤10 mg/kg
Na: ≤50 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

O=P12OP3(=O)OP(=O)(O1)OP(=O)(O2)O3

InChI

1S/O10P4/c1-11-5-12(2)8-13(3,6-11)10-14(4,7-11)9-12

InChI key

YWEUIGNSBFLMFL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) is a phosphorous oxide. It participates in Pictet-Gams synthesis. Phosphorus pentoxide supported on alumina has been used for solvent-free and microwave-assisted synthesis of 1, 5-benzodiazepine derivatives.

Application

Phosphorus pentoxide may be used in the synthesis of dichlorine heptoxide (Cl2O7).

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

hazcat

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

Supp Hazards

EUH014

storage_class_code

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Alumina/phosphorus pentoxide (APP) as an efficient reagent for the synthesis of 1, 5-benzodiazepines under microwave irradiation.
Kaboudin B and Navaee K.
Heterocycles, 1443-1446 (2001)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 836-836 (1994)
Ping-Jian Li et al.
Nano letters, 9(7), 2513-2518 (2009-07-09)
The single-crystal n-type and p-type ZnO nanowires (NWs) were synthesized via a chemical vapor deposition method, where phosphorus pentoxide was used as the dopant source. The electrical and photoluminescence studies reveal that phosphorus-doped ZnO NWs (ZnO:P NWs) can be changed...
Jae-Hyung Ahn et al.
Microbial ecology, 68(2), 271-283 (2014-04-01)
The effects of water-saving irrigation on emissions of greenhouse gases and soil prokaryotic communities were investigated in an experimental rice field. The water layer was kept at 1-2 cm in the water-saving (WS) irrigation treatment and at 6 cm in...
Radek Pohl et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(16), 4693-4705 (2015-03-24)
Systematic structure-activity studies on a diverse family of nucleoside phosphonic acids has led to the development of potent antiviral drugs such as HPMPC (CidofovirTM), PMEA (AdefovirTM), and PMPA (TenofovirTM), which are used in the treatment of CMV-induced retinitis, hepatitis B...

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