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402788

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetaldehyde

ACS reagent, ≥99.5%

Synonym(s):
Ethanal
Linear Formula:
CH3CHO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
44.05
Beilstein:
505984
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39021102
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

biological source

synthetic

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

1.52 (vs air)

vapor pressure

14.63 psi ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

365 °F

expl. lim.

60 %

impurities

≤0.008 meq/g Titr. acid

evapn. residue

≤0.005%

refractive index

n20/D 1.332 (lit.)

bp

21 °C (lit.)

mp

−125 °C (lit.)

solubility

alcohols: soluble
water: miscible

density

0.785 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC=O

InChI

1S/C2H4O/c1-2-3/h2H,1H3

InChI key

IKHGUXGNUITLKF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Acetaldehyde is an industrially important solvent used as an intermediate for the synthesis of a wide range of compounds. On oxidation it forms acetic acid and ethanol on reduction. The interaction of Criegee intermediate (CH2OO) with acetaldehyde has been measured. Its effect as a neuroactive agent has been studied. Alkynylation reaction of acetaldehyde by asymmetric catalysis has been reported.

Application

Acetaldehyde may be used in the synthesis of 1,3-diamines by one-pot cross double-Mannich reaction and β-amino aldehydes by proline-catalyzed Mannich reaction.

Packaging

5 mL in ampule
100 mL in aluminum bottle
1 L in aluminum bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 1B - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 1 - Muta. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

-38.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

-38.89 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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