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33047

Sigma-Aldrich

Benzoic acid

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.9% (alkalimetric)

Linear Formula:
C6H5COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
122.12
Beilstein:
636131
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39023903
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Quality Level

Agency

reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

4.21 (vs air)

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 132 °C)

assay

≥99.9% (alkalimetric)

form

crystalline

autoignition temp.

1061 °F

impurities

readily oxidisable substances, in accordance
≤0.002% S-compounds (as S)
≤0.005% halogen compounds (as Cl)
≤0.005% insoluble in methanol

ign. residue

≤0.005% (as SO4)

bp

249 °C (lit.)

mp

121-125 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble (2.9 g/l at 25 °C)

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤20 mg/kg

cation traces

Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤2 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

OC(=O)c1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C7H6O2/c8-7(9)6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5H,(H,8,9)

InChI key

WPYMKLBDIGXBTP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Benzoic acid is an organic aromatic monocarboxylic acid. It occurs in the form of colorless leaflets or needles. It reacts with hydrogenating reagents to afford hexahydrobenzoic acid. On decomposition (by heating) in the presence of lime or alkali, it affords benzene and carbon dioxide. It can be synthesized by the cobalt or manganese catalyzed atmospheric oxidation of toluene.

Application

Benzoic acid may be employed as a standard in the quantitative and calorimetric studies. It may be employed as an intermediate in the synthesis of following products:
  • paints
  • pigments
  • varnish
  • wetting agents
  • aroma compounds
  • benzoyl chloride
  • benzotrichloride

Pictograms

CorrosionHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 Inhalation

Target Organs

Lungs

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 1

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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