MilliporeSigma
All Photos(1)

31667

Supelco

Chloramphenicol

VETRANAL®, analytical standard

Synonym(s):
D-(−)-threo-2-Dichloroacetamido-1-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3-propanediol, D-(−)-threo-2,2-Dichloro-N-[β-hydroxy-α-(hydroxymethyl)-β-(4-nitrophenyl)ethyl]acetamide, Chloromycetin, D-threo-2,2-Dichloro-N-[β-hydroxy-α-(hydroxymethyl)-4-nitrophenethyl]acetamide
Linear Formula:
Cl2CHCONHCH(CH2OH)CH(OH)C6H4NO2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
323.13
Beilstein:
2225532
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

Quality Level

grade

analytical standard

product line

VETRANAL®

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

mp

148-150 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: insoluble 100% (practically)

application(s)

clinical testing

format

neat

SMILES string

OC[C@@H](NC(=O)C(Cl)Cl)[C@H](O)c1ccc(cc1)[N+]([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C11H12Cl2N2O5/c12-10(13)11(18)14-8(5-16)9(17)6-1-3-7(4-2-6)15(19)20/h1-4,8-10,16-17H,5H2,(H,14,18)/t8-,9-/m1/s1

InChI key

WIIZWVCIJKGZOK-RKDXNWHRSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

Chloramphenicol (CAP) is an antibiotic which was first isolated from Streptomyces venezuelae. It has a nitrobenzene moiety which may be responsible for aplastic anaemia.1 It is often used for bacterial selection in molecular biology applications at 10-20 μg/mL and as a selection agent for transformed cells containing chloramphenicol reistance genes.
This grade has the standard for Supelco MIP SPE cartridges. For more information request Supelco Literature T407075, T706024

Application

Refer to the product′s Certificate of Analysis for more information on a suitable instrument technique. Contact Technical Service for further support.
Chloramphenicol has been used as reference standard in the determination of the concentration of CAP residues in shrimp tissues using LC-MS technique and also in frozen chicken samples (liver, kidney and muscle) using HPLC.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: Chloramphenicol inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by blocking the peptidyl transferase step by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit and preventing attachment of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosome. It also inhibits mitochondrial and chloroplast protein synthesis and ribosomal formation of (p)ppGpp, de-pressing rRNA transcription.

Mode of Resistance: Use of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase will acetylate the product and inactivate it.

Antimicrobial Spectrum: This is a broad spectrum antibiotic against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, and is used mainly for ophthalmic and veterinary purposes.

Caution

Stock solutions should be stored at 2-8°C and are stable at 37°C for 5 days. Aqueous solutions are neutral and stable over a wide pH range, with 50% hydrolysis occurring after 290 days. Use of a borax buffered solution reduces this number to 14%. Solutions should be protected from light as photochemical decomposition results in a yellowing of the solution. Heating aqueous solutions at 115°C for 30 minutes results in a 10% loss of chloramphenicol.

Preparation Note

Stock solutions can be prepared directly in the vial at any recommended concentration. A solution at 50 mg/mL in ethanol yields a clear, very faint, yellow solution. Degradation of chloramphenicol in aqueous solution is catalyzed by general acids and bases. This rate of degradation is independent of the ionic strength and pH.

Legal Information

VETRANAL is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Chemie GmbH

Pictograms

CorrosionHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Repr. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

More Documents

SDS

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service