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225819

Sigma-Aldrich

Hydrazine hydrate

reagent grade, N2H4 50-60 %

Synonym(s):
Hydrazinium hydroxide
Linear Formula:
NH2NH2 · xH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.05 (anhydrous basis)
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

reagent grade

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

5 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

50.0-60.0% (% H4N2 by Na2S2O3 basis, titration)

form

liquid

composition

Degree of hydration, ~1.5
N2H4, 50-60%

expl. lim.

99.99 %

density

1.029 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

NN.[H]O[H]

InChI

1S/H4N2.H2O/c1-2;/h1-2H2;1H2

InChI key

IKDUDTNKRLTJSI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

General description

The addition of hydrazine hydrate to reduced graphene oxide (RGO) counter electrode improves its performance in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC).

Application

Hydrazine hydrate may be used to prepare:
  • 3-(2-Benzyloxy-6-hydroxyphenyl)-5-styrylpyrazoles by reacting with 5-benzyloxy-2-styrylchromones.
  • 3,5-Diphenyl-2-pyrazoline derivatives by reacting with 1,3-diphenyl-2-propen-1-one.
  • 3′-Aryl-1,2,3,4,4′,5′-hexahydrospiro[quinoxalin-2,5′-pyrazol]-3-ones by reacting with 3-arylacylidene-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2(1H)-ones.
  • It may also be used in the catalytic reduction of nitroarenes to aromatic amines.

Hydrazine hydrate has been used for the deproteination of the enamel samples in a study. It may be used as a reducing agent in the following:
  • Preparation of silver nanoparticles.
  • Transformation of monosubstituted nitrobenzene derivatives to the corresponding anilines.
  • Along with graphite for the conversion of nitro compounds (aromatic and aliphatic) to the amino compounds.

Packaging

50, 250 g in glass bottle
1 kg in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Carc. 1B - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

204.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

96 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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