MilliporeSigma
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W283215

Sigma-Aldrich

Palmitic acid

natural, 98%, FG

Synonym(s):
NSC 5030, Cetylic acid, 1-Pentadecanecarboxylic acid, Hexadecanoic acid, PamOH, C16:0
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)14COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
256.42
FEMA Number:
2832
Beilstein:
607489
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
14
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
8.014
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher
natural

Agency

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FDA 21 CFR 172.210
FDA 21 CFR 172.860
FDA 21 CFR 173.340

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 210 °C)

assay

98%

form

crystals or chunks

bp

271.5 °C/100 mmHg (lit.)

mp

61-62.5 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: 0.00005 g/L at 20 °C

density

0.852 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

As: ≤3 ppm
Cd: ≤1 ppm
Hg: ≤1 ppm
Pb: ≤10 ppm

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

Organoleptic

faint; fatty

SMILES string

CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C16H32O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16(17)18/h2-15H2,1H3,(H,17,18)

InChI key

IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Palmitic acid is the main constituent of human milk fatty acids. It is also found in sea weeds and air-dried fruit of Cornus officinalis.

Packaging

10 kg in fiber drum
1 kg in poly bottle

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

nwg

Flash Point(F)

235.4 °F

Flash Point(C)

113 °C

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Distribution of an enzyme system producing seaweed flavor: conversion of fatty acids to long-chain aldehydes in seaweeds.
Kajiwara T, et al.
Journal of Applied Phycology, 5(2), 225-230 (1993)
Volatile flavor components of corni fructus (Cornus officinalis Sieb. Et Zucc.).
Miyazawa M & Kameoka H.
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 53(12), 3337-3340 (1989)
Evidence that palmitic acid is absorbed assn-2 monoacylglycerol from human milk by breast-fed infants.
Innis SM, et al.
Lipids, 29(8), 541-545 (1994)
Sanja Blaskovic et al.
The FEBS journal, 280(12), 2766-2774 (2013-04-05)
S-palmitoylation is post-translational modification, which consists in the addition of a C16 acyl chain to cytosolic cysteines and which is unique amongst lipid modifications in that it is reversible. It can thus, like phosphorylation or ubiquitination, act as a switch.
Jonas Sieber et al.
The American journal of pathology, 183(3), 735-744 (2013-07-23)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by dyslipidemia with elevated free fatty acids (FFAs). Loss of podocytes is a hallmark of diabetic nephropathy, and podocytes are highly susceptible to saturated FFAs but not to protective, monounsaturated FFAs. We report that

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