81300

Sigma-Aldrich

Poly(ethylene glycol)

average Mn 20,000

Synonym(s):
PEG
Linear Formula:
H(OCH2CH2)nOH
CAS Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

Quality Level

form

flakes

mol wt

average Mn 20,000

mp

63-66 °C

Ω-end

hydroxyl

α-end

hydroxyl

SMILES string

C(CO)O

InChI

1S/C2H6O2/c3-1-2-4/h3-4H,1-2H2

InChI key

LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a hydrophilic polymer. It can be easily synthesized by the anionic ring opening polymerization of ethylene oxide, into a range molecular weights and variety of end groups. When crosslinked into networks PEG can have high water content, forming “hydrogels”. Hydrogel formation can be initiated by either crosslinking PEG by ionizing radiation or by covalent crosslinking of PEG macromers with reactive chain ends. PEG is a suitable material for biological applications because it does not trigger an immune response.

Application

PEG has been used to modify therapeutic proteins and peptides to increase their solubility and lower their toxicity.

Photopolymerized PEG hydrogels have emerging applications in the fabrication of bioactive and immunoisolating barriers for encapsulation of cells.

Packaging

5 kg in glass bottle
1 kg in poly bottle

Other Notes

Molecular weight: Mn 16,000-24,000

storage_class_code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Xu Zhang et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 28(40), 14330-14337 (2012-09-20)
Understanding the interface between DNA and nanomaterials is crucial for rational design and optimization of biosensors and drug delivery systems. For detection and delivery into cells, where high concentrations of cellular proteins are present, another layer of complexity is added....
Chien-Chi Lin et al.
Biomaterials, 32(36), 9685-9695 (2011-09-20)
Hydrogels provide three-dimensional frameworks with tissue-like elasticity and high permeability for culturing therapeutically relevant cells or tissues. While recent research efforts have created diverse macromer chemistry to form hydrogels, the mechanisms of hydrogel polymerization for in situ cell encapsulation remain...
Teagan E Bate et al.
Soft matter, 15(25), 5006-5016 (2019-06-06)
Self-organization of kinesin-driven, microtubule-based 3D active fluids relies on the collective dynamics of single microtubules. However, the connection between macroscopic fluid flows and microscopic motion of microtubules remains unclear. In this work, the motion of single microtubules was characterized by...
Idalis Villanueva et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 5(8), 2832-2846 (2009-06-11)
The pericellular matrix (PCM) surrounding chondrocytes is thought to play an important role in transmitting biochemical and biomechanical signals to the cells, which regulates many cellular functions including tissue homeostasis. To better understand chondrocytes interactions with their PCM, three-dimensional poly(ethylene...
Mark A Rice et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 5(1), 152-161 (2008-09-17)
Ultrasound has potential as a non-destructive analytical technique to provide real-time online assessments of matrix evolution in cell-hydrogel constructs used in tissue engineering. In these studies, chondrocytes were encapsulated in poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels, and gel degradation was manipulated to provide...
Articles
Progress in biotechnology fields such as tissue engineering and drug delivery is accompanied by an increasing demand for diverse functional biomaterials. One class of biomaterials that has been the subject of intense research interest is hydrogels, because they closely mimic the natural environment of cells, both chemically and physically and therefore can be used as support to grow cells. This article specifically discusses poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels, which are good for biological applications because they do not generally elicit an immune response. PEGs offer a readily available, easy to modify polymer for widespread use in hydrogel fabrication, including 2D and 3D scaffold for tissue culture. The degradable linkages also enable a variety of applications for release of therapeutic agents.
Read More
Devising biomaterial scaffolds that are capable of recapitulating critical aspects of the complex extracellular nature of living tissues in a threedimensional (3D) fashion is a challenging requirement in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.
Read More

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