Ethylene (ET), a simple olefin, is an important synthetic reagent. It is also a plant hormone that regulates various physiological and developmental processes, such as ripening of fruit, abscission, senescence and responses to wounding in plants. Pd(II) and Ni(II)-based catalysts are reported to catalyze the polymerization of ET to afford high molecular weight polymers. Mechanism of Diels-Alder Reaction of 1,3-butadiene with ET has been investigated. Diels-Alder reaction between butadiene and ET, via concerted and the stepwise mechanisms has been investigated by ab initio MO methods. Dehydration of algae-produced ethanol to ET in the presence of nanoscale catalyst HZSM-5 (protonated Zeolite Socony Mobil-5) shows promising results in replacing fossil fuel methods for the industrial production of ET. The utility of microsized spent tea leaf powder (MSTLP) as an ethylene adsorbent has been investigated.