Graphite is an allotrope of carbon. Graphite is a nonmetallic showing high electrical conductivity. Synthetic graphite can be prepared by heating carbonaceous precursor in an inert atmosphere.
Graphite is the most stable allotrope of carbon under standard conditions.The only nonmetallic conductor of electricity. Graphite powder is used as an additive to alter the magnetorheology and electrical conductivity of magnetorheological elastomers (MREs).