Tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)dichlororuthenium(II) hexahydrate


Tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) chloride hexahydrate, Ru(BPY)3, Ruthenium-tris(2,2′-bipyridyl) dichloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C30H24Cl2N6Ru · 6H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:



Quality Level

reaction suitability

core: ruthenium
reaction type: Photocatalysis
reagent type: catalyst


>300 °C (lit.)

photocatalyst activation

450 nm

SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

Tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)dichlororuthenium(II) hexahydrate is a metal complex and is used as an luminescent dye. The metal complex in its ground state can be excited by visible light which leads to the formation of a spin-allowed excited state. This excited state undergoes radiationless deactivation very quickly to form spin-forbidden, long-lived luminescent excited state. It is used widely in electroluminescent devices.


Learn More at the Professor and Product Portal of Professor Teshik Yoon, and Professor Corey Stephenson,.
  • Used in the synthesis of hybrid catalysts which are used in oxidase based biosensors.
  • Used as a luminophore for multiplexed signalling in bio analysis.
  • Used in oxygen assesment in living cells.


250 mg in glass insert
1, 5 g in glass bottle

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

A Theoretical and Experimental Framework for Understanding Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence (ECL) Emission at Bipolar Electrodes
Mavre F, et al
Analytical Chemistry, 81, 6218-6225 (2009)
Attapulgite Clay Combined with Tris(2,2'bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) for the Enhancement of the
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Sensing
Gu B. et al
International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 7, 6202-6213 (2012)
Old Molecules, New Concepts:[Ru (bpy) 3] 2+ as a Molecular Encoder-Decoder
Ceroni, P., Bergamini, G., & Balzani, V.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 121(45), 8668-8670 (2009)
Novel organic-inorganic hybrid material based on tris (2, 2'-bipyridyl) dichlororuthenium (II) hexahydrate and Dawson-type tungstophosphate K 7[H4PW18O62]? 18H2O as a bifuctional hydrogen peroxide electrocatalyst for biosensors
Ammam, M., & Easton, E. B.
Sensors and Actuators B, Chemical, 161(1), 520-527 (2012)
Stéphanie Heux et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 77(19), 7040-7049 (2011-08-16)
Miniaturization and high-throughput screening are currently the focus of emerging research areas such as systems biology and systems biotechnology. A fluorescence-based screening assay for the online monitoring of oxygen and pH and a numerical method to mine the resulting online...

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