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197378

Sigma-Aldrich

Picric acid

moistened with water, ≥98%

Synonym(s):
2,4,6-Trinitrophenol, PA
Linear Formula:
(O2N)3C6H2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
229.10
Colour Index Number:
10305
Beilstein:
423400
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

vapor density

7.9 (vs air)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 195 °C)

assay

≥98%

form

powder or crystals (with a top layer of Liquid)

contains

≥35% water

expl. lim.

0.01 %

mp

122-123 °C (dried material) (lit.)

solubility

alcohol: 1 (g/12 mL)(lit.)
benzene: 1 g/10 mL
chloroform: 1 (g/35 mL)
diethyl ether: 1 (g/65 mL)

density

1.763 g/cm3

SMILES string

Oc1c(cc(cc1[N+]([O-])=O)[N+]([O-])=O)[N+]([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C6H3N3O7/c10-6-4(8(13)14)1-3(7(11)12)2-5(6)9(15)16/h1-2,10H

InChI key

OXNIZHLAWKMVMX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Picric acid (PA, 2,4,6-trinitrophenol) is a polynitrated aromatic acid. It is strongly acidic in nature. Since it readily dissolves in water, it can easily pollute the environment on exposure. Sensitive detection of PA by tris-imidazolium salt, fluorescent [3+2] self-assembled nanoscopic organic cage and rhodamine based sensors have been reported. It is widely used for the determination of various organic compounds by spectrophotometric and extractive spectrophotometric methods.

Application

Picric acid was used in the quantitative determination of bisoprolol.
Picric acid has been used in the preparation of Bouin′s fixative and picric acid/sodium azide/multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

Packaging

100, 500 g in poly bottle

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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