Merck
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41640

Sigma-Aldrich

Dimethyl sulfoxide

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.9% (GC)

Synonym(s):
DMSO
Linear Formula:
(CH3)2SO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein:
506008
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

vapor density

2.7 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.9% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

573 °F

expl. lim.

42 %, 63 °F

impurities

≤0.001% free acid (as CH3COOH)
≤0.1% water

evapn. residue

≤0.005%

refractive index

n20/D 1.479 (lit.)
n20/D 1.479

bp

189 °C (lit.)

mp

16-19 °C (lit.)
18-20 °C

density

1.10 g/mL (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.5 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤1 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CS(C)=O

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

InChI key

IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a polar solvent. DMSO activated by electrophile (oxalyl chloride) has been used to oxidize various alcohols (primary, secondary, allylic, benzylic, hindered and bicyclic). Carbonyl compounds are formed as reaction products. It has been proposed as an alternate solvent for methyl cellosolve for use in ninhydrin reaction, due to its high stability.

Caution

Supercools easily and remelts slowly at room temperature. Solidified product can be re-liquified by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

Other Notes

For information on dimethyl sulfoxide miscibility, please visit the following link:
Dimethyl Sulfoxide Miscibility/Immiscibility Table
Use as reagent in synthesis

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

188.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

87 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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