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Quantitative 1H NMR with external standards: use in preparation of calibration solutions for algal toxins and other natural products.

Analytical chemistry (2005-05-14)
Ian W Burton, Michael A Quilliam, John A Walter
ABSTRACT

We examine the use of external standards for quantitative measurement by 1H NMR of solution concentrations of natural products and other low molecular weight, hydrogen-containing compounds and show that precision and accuracy ca. 1% is obtainable with a commercial 11.7 T spectrometer when standards and analytes are contained in separate but identical sealed precision glass NMR tubes. Numerous factors contributing to the intensity of the NMR signals are evaluated. Precise measurements of 360 degrees pulse lengths for each sample provide direct corrections for variations in probe Q-factor that enable samples in different solvents to be compared, provided single-coil excitation and detection is used throughout. Samples need not be prepared in deuterated solvents if the 1H spectra of the solvents are simple enough for peak suppression by presaturation. The approach is particularly suitable for hazardous materials kept in sealed tubes and for the preparation of certified calibration solution reference materials for use with LC-MS and other techniques where deuterated solvents should be avoided.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

USP
Sucrose, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard