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Establishment of a Cell Line From Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma: PeCa-UkHb-01.

Investigative ophthalmology & visual science (2015-07-22)
Henning Thomasen, Bettina Müller, Micaela Poetsch, Klaus-Peter Steuhl, Daniel Meller

Until now, no epithelial cell line from conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), to our knowledge, has existed; therefore, the establishment of a model cell line would be a useful tool for further studies. In particular, the phenotypic and molecular characterization in comparison to other SCC cells is of high interest because this would enable the development of new treatment options for clinical application in ophthalmic oncology. Epithelial cells were isolated from a bulbar conjunctiva SCC obtained from a 74-year-old male, harvested by stepwise trypsinization and named PeCa-UkHb-01. Cell doubling and the number of passages were determined. Short tandem repeats (STR) and karyotype analyses were performed. Semiquantitative real-time PCR and immunocytochemical fluorescence staining were carried out to detect tumor and epithelial cell markers. The cells had an epithelial and conjunctival phenotype. They grew above passage number 50 in a doubling time at approximately 34.5 hours. Short tandem repeat analyses confirmed the cell origin, although loss of heterozygosity occurred. Karyotype analyses revealed a heterogeneous composition of the cell culture and the karyogram itself showed aberrations and changes in the chromosome numbers. Real-time PCR and immunocytochemical fluorescence staining revealed the expression of the stem cell markers such as ABCG2, p63, OCT4, c-MYC, and SOX2 as well as the conjunctival cytokeratin K19. PeCa-UkHb-01 cells fulfill the criteria of a cell line. They display characteristics of ocular carcinoma cells and therefore the presented cell line might serve for further basic research in ophthalmic oncology.

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Collagenase A, from Clostridium histolyticum