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Heparan sulfate 3-O-sulfotransferase isoform 5 generates both an antithrombin-binding site and an entry receptor for herpes simplex virus, type 1.

The Journal of biological chemistry (2002-07-26)
Guoqing Xia, Jinghua Chen, Vaibhav Tiwari, Wujian Ju, Jin-Ping Li, Anders Malmstrom, Deepak Shukla, Jian Liu
ABSTRACT

Heparan sulfate 3-O-sulfotransferase transfers sulfate to the 3-OH position of a glucosamine residue of heparan sulfate (HS) to form 3-O-sulfated HS. The 3-O-sulfated glucosamine residue contributes to two important biological functions of HS: binding to antithrombin and thereby carrying anticoagulant activity, and binding to herpes simplex viral envelope glycoprotein D to serve as an entry receptor for herpes simplex virus 1. A total of five HS 3-O-sulfotransferase isoforms were reported previously. Here we report the isolation and characterization of a novel HS 3-O-sulfotransferase isoform, designated as HS 3-O-sulfotransferase isoform 5 (3-OST-5). 3-OST-5 cDNA was isolated from a human placenta cDNA library and expressed in COS-7 cells. The disaccharide analysis of 3-OST-5-modified HS revealed that 3-OST-5 generated at least three 3-O-sulfated disaccharides as follows: IdoUA2S-AnMan3S, GlcUA-AnMan3S6S, and IdoUA2S-AnMan3S6S. Transfection of the plasmid expressing 3-OST-5 rendered wild type Chinese hamster ovary cells susceptible to the infection by herpes simplex virus 1, suggesting that 3-OST-5-modified HS serves as an entry receptor for herpes simplex virus 1. In addition, 3-OST-5-modified HS bound to herpes simplex viral envelope protein glycoprotein D. Furthermore, we found that 3-OST-5-modified HS also bound to antithrombin, suggesting that 3-OST-5 also produces anticoagulant HS. In summary, our results indicate that a new member of 3-OST family generates both anticoagulant HS and an entry receptor for herpes simplex virus 1. These results provide a new insight regarding the mechanism for the biosynthesis of biologically active HS.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Tetrabutylammonium phosphate monobasic, puriss., ≥99.0% (T)
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-HS3ST5 antibody produced in rabbit, Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution