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Mesoporous activated carbon from wood sawdust by K2CO3 activation using microwave heating.

Bioresource technology (2012-03-06)
K Y Foo, B H Hameed
ABSTRACT

Wood sawdust was converted into a high-quality activated carbon (WSAC) via microwave-induced K(2)CO(3) activation. The operational variables including chemical impregnation ratio, microwave power and irradiation time on the carbon yield and adsorption capability were identified. The surface physical characteristics of WSAC were examined by pore structural analysis, scanning electron microscopy and nitrogen adsorption isotherms. The adsorptive behavior of WSAC was quantified using methylene blue as model dye compound. The best conditions resulted in activated carbon with a monolayer adsorption capacity of 423.17 mg/g and carbon yield of 80.75%. The BET surface area, Langmuir surface area and total pore volume were corresponded to 1496.05 m(2)/g, 2245.53 m(2)/g and 0.864 cm(3)/g, respectively. The findings support the potential to prepare high surface area and mesoporous activated carbon from wood sawdust by microwave assisted chemical activation.

MATERIALS
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