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Synthesis and chromatographic enantioresolution of anti-HIV quinolone derivatives.

Talanta (2011-08-03)
Benedetto Natalini, Roccaldo Sardella, Serena Massari, Federica Ianni, Oriana Tabarrini, Violetta Cecchetti
ABSTRACT

The successful enantioseparation of five 6-desfluoroquinolones with three polysaccharide-based stationary phases (namely, the cellulose-based Chiralpak IB and the two amylose-based Chiralpak AD-H and Lux Amylose-2) is herein described. The investigated species differ for the nature of substituents and/or the position of the stereogenic centre on the quinolone scaffold. The effect on the enantioseparation performance exerted by the different morphology of the cellulose-based and amylose-based polymers, was systematically evaluated for all compounds. In this frame, the impact of alternative alcoholic (ethanol, 2-ethoxyethanol, methanol, 2-propanol) and acidic (acetic, methanesulfonic and trifluoroacetic acid) modifiers as well as of a "non-standard" solvent (chloroform), was investigated in normal phase conditions along with the stereo-electronic peculiarities of the selected polymers. While 7-[4-(1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl)-2-methyl-1-piperazinyl]-1-methyl-4-oxo-1,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridine-3-carboxylic acid (1) was enantioresolved with conventional normal-phase conditions by means of the largely employed amylose-based Chiralpak AD-H column, the recruitment of a bulky alcohol (2-ethoxyethanol) succeeded in the enantioresolution of 6-amino-1-methyl-7-[2-methyl-4-(2-pyridinyl)-1-piperazinyl]-4-oxo-1,4-dihydro-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid (2) and 6-amino-1-[1-(hydroxymethyl)propyl]-4-oxo-7-(4-pyridin-2-ylpiperazin-1-yl)-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (3) with the same column. The use of the amylose-based Lux Amylose-2 column, carrying both an electro-withdrawing (chlorine) and an electro-donating (methyl) group on the carbamate residue, allowed to get 6-amino-1-methyl-4-oxo-7-[3-(2-pyridinyl)-1-pyrrolidinyl]-1,4-dihydro-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid hydrochloride (4) enanantioresolved, and 6-amino-1-methyl-4-oxo-7-(3-pyridin-2-ylpiperidin-1-yl)-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (5) enantioseparated.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Methanesulfonic acid concentrate, 0.1 M CH3SO3H in water (0.1N), eluent concentrate for IC
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanesulfonic acid solution, 70 wt. % in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Silver methanesulfonate
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanesulfonic acid, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanesulfonic acid solution, 4 M (with 0.2% (w/v) tryptamine)
Sigma-Aldrich
Potassium methanesulfonate, ≥98.0% (dry substance, T)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium methanesulfonate, 98%