MilliporeSigma
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Long-circulating, pH-sensitive liposomes sterically stabilized by copolymers bearing short blocks of lipid-mimetic units.

Long-circulating, pH-sensitive liposomes sterically stabilized by copolymers bearing short blocks of lipid-mimetic units.

European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences (2007-10-12)
Denitsa Momekova, Stanislav Rangelov, Stanislav Yanev, Elena Nikolova, Spiro Konstantinov, Birgit Romberg, Gert Storm, Nikolay Lambov
ABSTRACT

A major hurdle towards in vivo utilization of pH-sensitive liposomes is their prompt sequestration by reticuloendothelial system and hence short circulation time. Prolonged circulation of liposomes is usually achieved by incorporation of pegylated lipids, which have been frequently reported to deteriorate the acid-triggered release. In this study we evaluate the ability of four novel nonionic copolymers, bearing short blocks of lipid-mimetic units to provide steric stabilization of DOPE:CHEMs liposomes. The vesicles were prepared using the lipid film hydration method and extrusion, yielding liposomes of 120-160 nm in size. Their pH-sensitivity was monitored via the release of encapsulated calcein. The incorporation of the block copolymers at concentration up to 10 mol% did not deteriorate the pH-sensitivity of the liposomes. A selected formulation was tested for stability in presence of 25% human plasma and proved to significantly outclass the plain DOPE:CHEMs liposomes. The ability of calcein-loaded liposomes to deliver their cargo inside EJ cells was investigated using fluorescent microscopy and the results show that the surface-modified vesicles are as effective to ensure intracellular delivery as plain liposomes. The pharmacokinetics and organ distribution of a selected formulation, containing a copolymer bearing four lipid anchors was investigated in comparison to plain liposomes and PEG (2000)-DSPE stabilized liposomes. The juxtaposition of the blood clearance curves and the calculated pharmacokinetic parameters show that the block copolymer confers superior longevity in vivo. The block copolymers utilized in this study can be consider as promising sterically stabilizing agents for pH-sensitive liposomes.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Cholesteryl hemisuccinate