A new technique for the detection of antibodies bound to proteins blotted onto nitrocellulose paper was developed. The method is rapid, sensitive, and does not require radioactive probes. Proteins transferred to nitrocellulose paper are first reacted with primary antibody followed by reaction with an alkaline phosphatase conjugated second antibody. The phosphatase activity is then visualized using an agar gel impregnated with the histochemical phosphatase stain 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl phosphate (BCIP) (J. P. Horwitz, J. Chua, M. Noel, J. T. Donatti, and J. Freisler (1966) J. Med. Chem. 9, 447; Sigma Chemical Co., Technical bulletin No. 710-EP (1978]. Antigen-antibody complexes give rise to sharp, permanent blue stained bands both on the nitrocellulose paper and in the agar overlay gel. This procedure allows detection of bands containing less than 20 ng of protein.