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  • Sustained Akt signaling in articular chondrocytes causes osteoarthritis via oxidative stress-induced senescence in mice.

Sustained Akt signaling in articular chondrocytes causes osteoarthritis via oxidative stress-induced senescence in mice.

Bone research (2019-10-28)
Jing Xie, Jingting Lin, Min Wei, Yan Teng, Qi He, Guan Yang, Xiao Yang
ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related disorder that is strongly associated with chondrocyte senescence. The causal link between disruptive PTEN/Akt signaling and chondrocyte senescence and the underlying mechanism are unclear. In this study, we found activated Akt signaling in human OA cartilage as well as in a mouse OA model with surgical destabilization of the medial meniscus. Genetic mouse models mimicking sustained Akt signaling in articular chondrocytes via PTEN deficiency driven by either Col2a1-Cre or Col2a1-Cre ERT2 developed OA, whereas restriction of Akt signaling reversed the OA phenotypes in PTEN-deficient mice. Mechanistically, prolonged activation of Akt signaling caused an accumulation of reactive oxygen species and triggered chondrocyte senescence as well as a senescence-associated secretory phenotype, whereas chronic administration of the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine suppressed chondrocyte senescence and mitigated OA progression in PTEN-deficient mice. Therefore, inhibition of Akt signaling by PTEN is required for the maintenance of articular cartilage. Disrupted Akt signaling in articular chondrocytes triggers oxidative stress-induced chondrocyte senescence and causes OA.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
OxyBlot Protein Oxidation Detection Kit, The OxyBlot Protein Oxidation Detection Kit provides the reagents to perform the immunoblot detection of carbonyl groups introduced into proteins by oxidative reactions with ozone or oxides of nitrogen or by metal catalyzed oxidation.
Sigma-Aldrich
Amyloid Protein Non-Aβ Component, ≥80% (HPLC)