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Lysophospholipids Facilitate COPII Vesicle Formation.

Current biology : CB (2018-06-12)
Alejandro Melero, Nicolas Chiaruttini, Takefumi Karashima, Isabelle Riezman, Kouichi Funato, Charles Barlowe, Howard Riezman, Aurélien Roux
ABSTRACT

Coat protein complex II (COPII) proteins form vesicles from the endoplasmic reticulum to export cargo molecules to the Golgi apparatus. Among the many proteins involved in this process, Sec12 is a key regulator, functioning as the guanosine diphosphate (GDP) exchange factor for Sar1p, the small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) that initiates COPII assembly. Here we show that overexpression of phospholipase B3 in the thermosensitive sec12-4 mutant partially restores growth and protein transport at non-permissive temperatures. Lipidomics analyses of these cells show a higher content of lysophosphatidylinositol (lysoPI), consistent with the lipid specificity of PLB3. Furthermore, we show that lysoPI is specifically enriched in COPII vesicles isolated from in vitro budding assays. As these results suggested that lysophospholipids could facilitate budding under conditions of defective COPII coat dynamics, we reconstituted COPII binding onto giant liposomes with purified proteins and showed that lysoPI decreases membrane rigidity and enhances COPII recruitment to liposomes. Our results support a mechanical facilitation of COPII budding by lysophospholipids.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1,2-Dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, lyophilized powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Avidin from egg white, BioUltra, lyophilized powder, ≥10 units/mg protein (E1%/280), ≥98% (SDS-PAGE)
Sigma-Aldrich
Maleimide, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
L-α-Phosphatidylethanolamine, dioleoyl, ≥99% (GC), ≥98% (TLC), lyophilized powder